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Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Sub-Saharan Africa

Capital Flows and The Future of Work

The macroeconomic outlook for sub-Saharan Africa continues to strengthen with higher growth.

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Sub-Saharan Africa

Capital Flows and The Future of Work

The macroeconomic outlook for sub-Saharan Africa continues to strengthen with higher growth.

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)
			: Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose »

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515823.008

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind »

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lars Svensson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314787.001

ISBN: 9781498314787

Keywords: macroprudential policy, unemployment, unemployment rate, debt, marginal cost, benchmark, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), All Countries

“Leaning against the wind” (LAW) with a higher monetary policy interest rate may have benefits in terms of lower real debt growth and associated lower probability of a financial crisis but has costs in terms of hig...

Global Financial Spillovers to Emerging Market Sovereign Bond Markets

Global Financial Spillovers to Emerging Market Sovereign Bond Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Annette Kyobe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552750.001

ISBN: 9781513552750

Keywords: Financial shocks, EM bond markets, Non-linearity, markets, currency, bond, holdings,

Foreign holdings of emerging markets (EMs) government bonds have increased substantially over the last decade. While foreign participation in local-currency sovereign bond markets provides an additional source of f...

Reforma de los subsidios a la energía
			: Lecciones e implicaciones

Reforma de los subsidios a la energía : Lecciones e implicaciones »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2014

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484380109.071

ISBN: 9781484380109

Keywords: subsidios a la energía, subsidios, energía

Los subsidios a la energía tienen consecuencias económicas de amplio alcance. A pesar de que tienen por objeto proteger a los consumidores, los subsidios agravan los desequilibrios fiscales, desplazan gastos públic...

Islamic Finance in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Status and Prospects

Islamic Finance in Sub-Saharan Africa : Status and Prospects »

Volume/Issue: 2014/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrique Gelbard , Mumtaz Hussain , Rodolfo Maino , Yibin Mu , and Etienne Yehoue

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498348669.001

ISBN: 9781498348669

Keywords: sukuk, islamic banks, banking, General,

Islamic finance is a fast growing activity in world markets. This paper provides a survey on Islamic Finance in SSA. Ongoing activities include Islamic banking, sukuk issuances (to finance infrastructure projects),...

Tracking Global Demand for Emerging Market Sovereign Debt

Tracking Global Demand for Emerging Market Sovereign Debt »

Volume/Issue: 2014/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , and Takahiro Tsuda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326541.001

ISBN: 9781484326541

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment Decisions, government debt, central bank, external funding, central banks, Finance, Portfolio Choice and Investment Decisions,

This paper proposes an approach to track US$1 trillion of emerging market government debt held by foreign investors in local and hard currency, based on a similar approach that was used for advanced ec...

Africa's Got Work to Do
			: Employment Prospects in the New Century

Africa's Got Work to Do : Employment Prospects in the New Century »

Volume/Issue: 2013/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Cleary Haines , Jorge Huerta Munoz , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389195.001

ISBN: 9781484389195

Keywords: wage employment, household enterprises, labor, General, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Sub-Saharan Africa.,

Estimates of the current and future structure of employment in sub-Saharan Africa (2005–20) are obtained based on household survey estimates for 28 countries and an elasticity-type model that relates employm...

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment

Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment »

Volume/Issue: 2012/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Lorenzo E. Bernal-Verdugo , and Dominique Guillaume

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463938420.001

ISBN: 9781463938420

Keywords: Labor market, flexibility, reforms, labor market institutions, labor market flexibility, labor market policies, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment and Investment: Other

Using a sample of 97 countries spanning the period 1980?2008, we estimate that financial crises have a large negative impact on unemployment in the short term, but that this effect rapidly disappears in the medium...

Cross-country Consumption Risk Sharing, a Long-run Perspective

Cross-country Consumption Risk Sharing, a Long-run Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2010/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhaogang Qiao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982084.001

ISBN: 9781451982084

Keywords: Consumption risk sharing, Intertemporal smoothing, Nonstationary panel analysis, Cointegration, risk sharing, equation, time series, statistic, Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics: General, International Economics: General,

This paper estimates an empirical nonstationary panel regression model that tests long-run consumption risk sharing across a sample of OECD and emerging market (EM) countries. This is in contrast to the existing li...

International Pricing of Emerging Market Corporate Debt
			: Does the Corporate Matter?

International Pricing of Emerging Market Corporate Debt : Does the Corporate Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2010/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonja Keller , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962475.001

ISBN: 9781451962475

Keywords: Corporate bonds, bond spreads, Fama-French factors, equity returns, bonds, bond, General Financial Markets, Corporate Finance And Governance,

We examine risk spreads charged on corporate bonds placed by emerging market borrowers on international exchanges. While global developments have an important effect on spreads, changes in firm-level default risk a...