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Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Western Hemisphere Department

An Uneven Recovery

Amid escalating trade tensions, tighter financial conditions, and volatile commodity markets, economic recovery in LAC has both moderated and become more uneven

Statuts du Fonds Monétaire International

Statuts du Fonds Monétaire International »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2012

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352578.013

ISBN: 9781616352578

Keywords: voting, general resources account, voting power, election, balance of payments, gold, voting rights, exchange arrangements, repurchases, reserve assets

Last issued in 1992, this new release of the IMF's Articles of Agreement for 2011 includes changes to the Articles resulting from the adoption of the Fourth Amendment on August 10, 2009, as well as the Fifth and Si...

Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu

Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Bergljot Barkbu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2009

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068117.084

ISBN: 9781589068117

Keywords: debt sustainability, public debt, debt service, debt relief, domestic debt, debt-service, current account, debt burden, debt dynamics, debt ratio

Low-income countries continue to face significant challenges in meeting their vast development needs while maintaining a sustainable debt position, even after many of these countries have benefited from substantial...

The Duration of Capital Account Crises-An Empirical Analysis

The Duration of Capital Account Crises-An Empirical Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2007/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hofman , Ruben Atoyan , Dimitri Tzanninis , and Mauro Mecagni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868210.001

ISBN: 9781451868210

Keywords: Capital account crises, duration, crises identification, capital outflows, capital flows, current account,

This paper examines the duration of capital account crises. We develop a new index to identify both the start and the end of these crises. Applying the index to a sample of 18 crisis episodes, we derive stylized fa...

La integración de los países pobres en el sistema de comercio mundial

La integración de los países pobres en el sistema de comercio mundial »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2006

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065352.051

ISBN: 9781589065352

Cada vez más, los esfuerzos por liberalizar el comercio mundial se centran en el fortalecimiento de los vínculos entre las políticas comerciales y las estrategias de desarrollo de los países de bajo ingreso. No obs...

The Optimal Level of International Reserves for Emerging Market Countries
			: Formulas and Applications

The Optimal Level of International Reserves for Emerging Market Countries : Formulas and Applications »

Volume/Issue: 2006/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Ranciere , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864892.001

ISBN: 9781451864892

Keywords: Balance of Payments Crises, probability, domestic absorption, calibration, short-term debt, external debt,

We present a model of the optimal level of international reserves for a small open economy that is vulnerable to sudden stops in capital flows. Reserves allow the country to smooth domestic absorption in response t...

The Level and Composition of Public Sector Debt in Emerging Market Crises

The Level and Composition of Public Sector Debt in Emerging Market Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2006/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bjoern Rother , Ivetta Hakobyan , and Monica de Bolle

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864465.001

ISBN: 9781451864465

Keywords: debt distress, domestic debt, pre-crisis, public sector debt, International Finance: General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

The paper examines the evolution of public sector debt levels and structures in 12 emerging market countries around the time of financial crises. In particular, it focuses on whether the debt situation of sovereign...

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064454.051

ISBN: 9781589064454

Keywords: Developing countries, Trade policy, Trade relations, trade liberalization, export earnings, trade facilitation, multilateral trade, export markets

Efforts to liberalize world trade are increasingly focusing on strengthening the links between low-income countries' trade policies and their development strategies. However, although greater trade openness promise...

International Trade in Services
			: Implications for the Fund

International Trade in Services : Implications for the Fund »

Volume/Issue: 2003/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Alexander Lehmann , and Jaroslaw Wieczorek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972207.003

ISBN: 9781451972207

Keywords: International trade, international services trade, coherence, WTO, trade in services, services trade, services sectors, financial services, international trade in services,

This paper reviews the characteristics of international trade in services and of the World Trade Organization’s General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) framework, which was established to regulate it....

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice »

Volume/Issue: 1996/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thierry Buchs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451921113.001

ISBN: 9781451921113

Keywords: export subsidies, export performance, trade-related investment, trade-related investment measures, transition economies

The paper surveys six WTO agreements selected on the basis of their potential relevance for Fund-supported programs, namely Customs Valuation, Subsidies, Safeguards, Antidumping, Trade-Related Investment Measures,...

Statuts du
			: Fonds monétaire international

Statuts du : Fonds monétaire international »

Series: Articles of Agreement

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753731.013

ISBN: 9781557753731

Keywords: voting, voting power, exchange arrangements, election, exchange rates, voting rights, exchange restrictions, general resources account, exchange transactions, gold

Revised in 1993, this edition incorporates the Third Amendment of the Articles of Agreement. Reprinted in December 2004. Reprinted in January 2008 (200 copies)...