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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)
			: Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose »

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515823.008

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) »

Source: Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Tackling Small and Medium Enterprise Problem Loans in Europe

Tackling Small and Medium Enterprise Problem Loans in Europe »

Source: Tackling Small and Medium Enterprise Problem Loans in Europe

Volume/Issue: 2015/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Wolfgang Bergthaler , Kenneth Kang , Yan Liu , and Dermot Monaghan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498384834

Keywords: Corporate sector, Debt restructuring, Business enterprises, Bankruptcy, Europe, Economic recovery, Insolvency, Non-performing loans, SME, debt distress

The global financial crisis has left a large private sector debt overhang and high levels of non- performing loans (NPLs) in several European countries. Small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) represent a signific...

Tackling Small and Medium Enterprise Problem Loans in Europe

Tackling Small and Medium Enterprise Problem Loans in Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2015/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Wolfgang Bergthaler , Kenneth Kang , Yan Liu , and Dermot Monaghan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498384834.006

ISBN: 9781498384834

Keywords: Corporate sector, Debt restructuring, Business enterprises, Bankruptcy, Europe, Economic recovery, Insolvency, Non-performing loans, SME, debt distress

The global financial crisis has left a large private sector debt overhang and high levels of non- performing loans (NPLs) in several European countries. Small and medium-size enterprises (SMEs) represent a signific...

Bank Risk Within and Across Equilibria

Bank Risk Within and Across Equilibria »

Volume/Issue: 2014/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Itai Agur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498306515.001

ISBN: 9781498306515

Keywords: Bank risk, Wholesale funding, Adverse selection, Multiple equilibria, banking, systemic risk, bank exposures, bank funding,

The global financial crisis highlighted that the financial system can be most vulnerable when it seems most stable. This paper models non-linear dynamics in banking. Small shocks can lead from an equilibrium with f...

Bank Risk Within and Across Equilibria1

Bank Risk Within and Across Equilibria1 »

Source: Bank Risk Within and Across Equilibria

Volume/Issue: 2014/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Itai Agur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498306515

Keywords: Bank risk, Wholesale funding, Adverse selection, Multiple equilibria, banking, systemic risk, bank exposures, bank funding,

The global financial crisis highlighted that the financial system can be most vulnerable when it seems most stable. This paper models non-linear dynamics in banking. Small shocks can lead from an equilibrium with f...

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter »

Volume/Issue: 2012/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463938437.001

ISBN: 9781463938437

Keywords: Exchange Rate Dynamics, Open-Economy Macro Models, Habits, Incomplete Markets, risk, consumption, exchange-rate, exchange rates, depreciation, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance

Dark matter accounts for 83 percent of the matter in the universe and plays a central role in cosmology modeling. This paper argues that an analogous form of dark matter plays a similarly important role in internat...

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Exchange-Rate Dark Matter »

Source: Exchange-Rate Dark Matter

Volume/Issue: 2012/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Evans

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781463938437

Keywords: Exchange Rate Dynamics, Open-Economy Macro Models, Habits, Incomplete Markets, risk, consumption, exchange-rate, exchange rates, depreciation, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance

Dark matter accounts for 83 percent of the matter in the universe and plays a central role in cosmology modeling. This paper argues that an analogous form of dark matter plays a similarly important role in internat...

V. Conclusions

V. Conclusions »

Source: Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Bergljot Barkbu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068117

Keywords: debt sustainability, public debt, debt service, debt relief, domestic debt, debt-service, current account, debt burden, debt dynamics, debt ratio

L’Histoire nous apprend que la viabilité de la dette a son importance pour la poursuite à long terme du développement. Ainsi, les PFR ont pendant longtemps souffert d’un lourd endettement extéri...