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Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy

Food Prices and the Multiplier Effect of Trade Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2014/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paolo Giordani , Nadia Rocha , and Michele Ruta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320382.001

ISBN: 9781498320382

Keywords: Loss aversion, Multiplier effect, Food crisis, domestic price, world price, global trade, import tariff, import subsidy, International Relations and International Political Economy: Other, Global Commodity Crises

This paper studies the relationship between trade policy and food prices. We show that, when individuals are loss averse, governments may use trade policy to shield the domestic economy from large food price shocks...

Soaring of the Gulf Falcons
			: Diversification in the GCC Oil Exporters in Seven Propositions

Soaring of the Gulf Falcons : Diversification in the GCC Oil Exporters in Seven Propositions »

Volume/Issue: 2014/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reda Cherif , and Fuad Hasanov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498310642.001

ISBN: 9781498310642

Keywords: oil countries, growth, oil, exporters, oil exporters, oil exports, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

A key priority for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries is to create a dynamic non-oil tradable sector to support sustainable growth. Since export diversification takes a long time, it has to start now. We...

Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia

Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1998/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Stephens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451976403.001

ISBN: 9781451976403

Keywords: Export credit agencies, trade finance, South East Asian countries, export credit, exporters, international financial, international financial institutions

This paper looks at the causes of the reduction in trade finance in South East Asian countries post-1997, with a particular focus on the role of export credit agencies. It concludes that while such agencies did not...

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

Towards a System of Multilateral Unit Labor Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1997/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anthony Turner , and Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922882.001

ISBN: 9781451922882

Keywords: effective exchange rates, exchange rates, reer, unit labor costs, exchange rate

This paper attempts to extend the range of countries covered by the IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indexes based on relative unit labor costs (REER-ULCs) in manufacturing. A data set was assembled tha...

Indonesia
			: Selected Issues

Indonesia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1997/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451818260.002

ISBN: 9781451818260

Keywords: manufactured exports, export performance, export growth, trade liberalization, export supply

This Selected Issues paper on Indonesia explains through econometric analysis the contribution of different factors to export growth and assesses the prospects for its maintenance in the future. The paper reviews d...

Indonesia
			: Recent Economic Developments

Indonesia : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1997/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451818208.002

ISBN: 9781451818208

Keywords: exports of goods, manufactured exports, oil exports, balance of payments, export price

This paper reviews economic developments in Indonesia during 1996-97. The Indonesian economy continued to perform well in 1996, with real GDP growth of 7.8 percent. The rate of inflation fell to 5 percent in 1996/9...

Recent Export Credit Market Developments

Recent Export Credit Market Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1997/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844481.001

ISBN: 9781451844481

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, export credits, investment insurance, credit markets

Export credit agencies (ECAs) have played a critical role in financing for developing countries in recent years, and officially supported export credits have been growing in volume. The current export credit exposu...

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy

INDOMOD A Simulation Model of the Indonesian Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1989/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451957310.001

ISBN: 9781451957310

Keywords: value of exports, commodity exports, export prices, manufactured exports, oil exports

This paper presents a small macro simulation model of the Indonesian economy The model was constructed to assess the effects of alternative policies as well as changes in the external environment on the Indonesian...