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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government
			: Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding »

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201389.001

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

The Use of Blanket Guarantees in Banking Crises

The Use of Blanket Guarantees in Banking Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2008/250

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871081.001

ISBN: 9781451871081

Keywords: banking, liquidity support, banking system, deposit insurance, bank restructuring

In episodes of significant banking distress or perceived systemic risk to the financial system, policymakers have often opted for issuing blanket guarantees on bank liabilities to stop or avoid widespread bank runs...

Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain
			: The Effects of Financial Liberalization

Short-Run Pain, Long-Run Gain : The Effects of Financial Liberalization »

Volume/Issue: 2003/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sergio Schmukler , and Graciela Kaminsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845280.001

ISBN: 9781451845280

Keywords: financial liberalization, stock market prices, booms, busts, stock market, financial sector, financial markets, domestic financial sector, International Finance: General, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

We examine the short- and long-run effects of financial liberalization on capital markets. To do so, we construct a new comprehensive chronology of financial liberalization in 28 mature and emerging market economie...

Real Estate Market Developments and Financal Sector Soundness

Real Estate Market Developments and Financal Sector Soundness »

Volume/Issue: 2001/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Lisbeth Zacho , and Qin Lei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855111.001

ISBN: 9781451855111

Keywords: Real estate, financial crises, real estate prices, banking, real estate markets, banking sector,

This paper analyses the characteristics and functioning of real estate markets. It focuses on the relationship between developments in these markets and the financial sector to determine under what circumstances re...

Currency Crises and the Real Economy
			: The Role of Banks

Currency Crises and the Real Economy : The Role of Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2001/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846843.001

ISBN: 9781451846843

Keywords: currency crisis, foreign currency debt, balance sheet, banking, balance sheet effect, banking sector, currency crises, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy, Central Banking

This paper shows that the quality of banks within each country is one of the important factors that can account for the fact that developing economies tend to suffer more severe output contractions in the wake of a...

Linkages Between Financial Variables, Financial Sector Reform and Economic Growth and Efficiency

Linkages Between Financial Variables, Financial Sector Reform and Economic Growth and Efficiency »

Volume/Issue: 1995/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451948110.001

ISBN: 9781451948110

Keywords: financial sector, financial reforms, crisis countries, financial intermediation, financial crisis

This paper analyzes the different channels through which financial variables and financial sector reform can affect economic growth and efficiency, using panel data for 40 countries which reformed their financial s...

La deuda externa
			: Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología

La deuda externa : Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1988

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780821311554.071

ISBN: 9780821311554

Este libro tiene por objeto proporcionar al usuario de estadísticas de deuda una descripción comparativa de las estadísticas recopiladas por el Banco de Pagos Internacionales, el FMI, la Organización para la Cooper...

L'endettement International
			: Définition, couverture statistique et méthodologie

L'endettement International : Définition, couverture statistique et méthodologie »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1988

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9789264230392.071

ISBN: 9789264230392

Keywords: debt, external debt, payments, liabilities, interest, loans, debt service, creditor, debt statistics, creditors

This book is intended to provide the user of debt statistics with a comparative description of the statistics collected by the Bank for International Settlements, the IMF, the Organization for Economic Cooperation...