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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2011/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vahram Stepanyan , and Kai Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455218035.001

ISBN: 9781455218035

Keywords: pre-crisis, banking, banking sector, post-crisis period, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

We examine changes in bank credit across a wide range of emerging market economies during the last decade. The rich time-series and cross-section information allows us to draw broader lessons compared to many exist...

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies1

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies1 »

Source: Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies

Volume/Issue: 2011/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vahram Stepanyan , and Kai Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

ISBN: 9781455218035

Keywords: pre-crisis, banking, banking sector, post-crisis period, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

We examine changes in bank credit across a wide range of emerging market economies during the last decade. The rich time-series and cross-section information allows us to draw broader lessons compared to many exist...

Writing Clearly

Writing Clearly »

Source: Writing Clearly : ECB's Monetary Policy Communication

Volume/Issue: 2008/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , Katerina Smídková , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451871104

Keywords: Communication, inflation, central bank, inflation forecasts, inflation target,

The paper presents a methodology for measuring the clarity of central bank communication, illustrating it with the case of the European Central Bank (ECB) in 1999-2007. The analysis identifies the ECB's written com...

Writing Clearly
			: ECB's Monetary Policy Communication

Writing Clearly : ECB's Monetary Policy Communication »

Volume/Issue: 2008/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , Katerina Smídková , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871104.001

ISBN: 9781451871104

Keywords: Communication, inflation, central bank, inflation forecasts, inflation target,

The paper presents a methodology for measuring the clarity of central bank communication, illustrating it with the case of the European Central Bank (ECB) in 1999-2007. The analysis identifies the ECB's written com...

Tareas pendientes

Tareas pendientes »

Source: Dimensiones fiscales del desarrollo sostenible

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2002

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589061613

Son muchos los problemas económicos, sociales y ambientales que surgen cuando se establece como objetivo alcanzar el desarrollo sostenible, y no existe una panacea para resolverlos todos. Un desarrollo acele...

Política fiscal y crecimiento

Política fiscal y crecimiento »

Source: Dimensiones fiscales del desarrollo sostenible

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2002

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589061613

Crecimiento económico, desarrollo sostenible y los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio...

Política fiscal, desarrollo humano y los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio

Política fiscal, desarrollo humano y los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio »

Source: Dimensiones fiscales del desarrollo sostenible

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2002

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589061613

El gasto público en educación y atención de la salud y los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio...

La política fiscal y la sostenibilidad del medio ambiente

La política fiscal y la sostenibilidad del medio ambiente »

Source: Dimensiones fiscales del desarrollo sostenible

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2002

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589061613

Tanto en los países desarrollados como en desarrollo, la política fiscal desempeña una función importante para garantizar que la utilización de los recursos naturales sea sostenible y se proteja al medio amb...

Introducción

Introducción »

Source: Dimensiones fiscales del desarrollo sostenible

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2002

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589061613

1 . Alcanzar ese objetivo entraña equilibrar los objetivos económicos, sociales y ambientales de la sociedad integrándolos cuando sea posible mediante políticas y pr...