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How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536065.061

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

Transforming Non-Renewable Resource Economies (NREs)

Transforming Non-Renewable Resource Economies (NREs) »

Volume/Issue: 2015/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bill Battaile , and Saurabh Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513573571.001

ISBN: 9781513573571

Keywords: resource curse, diversification, income, productivity, gdp, development, Global Outlook, General,

This paper provides an empirical benchmarking of growth, productivity and export patterns for developing NREs against other low and middle income developing countries, to inform policy discussions and future analyt...

Issuance of Central Bank Securities
			: International Experiences and Guidelines

Issuance of Central Bank Securities : International Experiences and Guidelines »

Volume/Issue: 2015/106

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Simon Gray , and Runchana Pongsaparn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513593371.001

ISBN: 9781513593371

Keywords: central bank securities, securities market development, securities, central bank, issuance, central banks, securities issuance, General,

The paper discusses the reasons for central bank (CB) issuance of securities, and reasons for choosing different approaches e.g. in maturities and target market. It provides evidence on the range of different appro...

Rethinking Financial Deepening
			: Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets

Rethinking Financial Deepening : Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498312615.006

ISBN: 9781498312615

Keywords: Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial stability, financial development, financial deepening, financial inclusion, finance, General, Government Policy and Regulation, Estabilidad financiera; Crecimiento económico; Desarrollo del mercado de capitales; Acceso a los mercados de capitales; Mercados emergentes

The global financial crisis experience shone a spotlight on the dangers of financial systems that have grown too big too fast. This note reexamines financial deepening, focusing on what emerging markets can learn f...

Rethinking Financial Deepening
			: Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets

Rethinking Financial Deepening : Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: Bank of Communications/New Finance

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513533308.006

ISBN: 9781513533308

Keywords: Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial stability, financial development, financial deepening, financial inclusion, finance, General, Government Policy and Regulation, Estabilidad financiera; Crecimiento económico; Desarrollo del mercado de capitales; Acceso a los mercados de capitales; Mercados emergentes

The global financial crisis experience shone a spotlight on the dangers of financial systems that have grown too big too fast. This note reexamines financial deepening, focusing on what emerging markets can learn f...

Reconsiderando la profundización financiera
			: Estabilidad y crecimiento en los mercados emergentes

Reconsiderando la profundización financiera : Estabilidad y crecimiento en los mercados emergentes »

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: Revista de Economia Institucional

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498302043.006

ISBN: 9781498302043

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Malaysia, Markets, Middle East, Morocco, Chile, Asia and Pacific, Financial stability, Economic growth, Emerging markets

La crisis financiera mundial puso de relieve los peligros de los sistemas financieros que han crecido demasiado con demasiada rapidez. En este documento se reexamina la profundización financiera, centrándose el aná...

Reforma de los subsidios a la energía
			: Lecciones e implicaciones

Reforma de los subsidios a la energía : Lecciones e implicaciones »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2014

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484380109.071

ISBN: 9781484380109

Keywords: subsidios a la energía, subsidios, energía

Los subsidios a la energía tienen consecuencias económicas de amplio alcance. A pesar de que tienen por objeto proteger a los consumidores, los subsidios agravan los desequilibrios fiscales, desplazan gastos públic...

IEO Annual Report 2014

IEO Annual Report 2014 »

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498350891.017

ISBN: 9781498350891

Keywords: evaluation, imf, forecasts, monitoring, quality

The 2014 Annual Report of the Independent Evaluation Office of the International Monetary Fund....

Inflation Reports and Models
			: How Well Do Central Banks Really Write?

Inflation Reports and Models : How Well Do Central Banks Really Write? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Jaromír Hurník , and Katerina Smidkova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498387613.001

ISBN: 9781498387613

Keywords: Kalman filter, monetary policy communication, inflation, central bank, aggregate demand, Forecasting and Simulation, Forecasting and Simulation,

We offer a novel methodology for assessing the quality of inflation reports. In contrast to the existing literature, which mostly evaluates the formal quality of these reports, we evaluate their economic content by...

Resource Windfalls, Optimal Public Investment and Redistribution
			: The Role of Total Factor Productivity and Administrative Capacity

Resource Windfalls, Optimal Public Investment and Redistribution : The Role of Total Factor Productivity and Administrative Capacity »

Volume/Issue: 2012/200

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alan Gelb , Arnaud Dupuy , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505504.001

ISBN: 9781475505504

Keywords: Resource Windfall, Administrative Capacity, capital investment, investment management, investor protection, public investment programs, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper studies the optimal public investment decisions in countries experiencing a resource windfall. To do so, we use an augmented version of the Permanent Income framework with public investment faced with ad...