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How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536065.061

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Source: How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) »

Source: Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR)
			: Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose

Introducing a General Anti-Avoidance Rule (GAAR) : Ensuring That a GAAR Achieves Its Purpose »

Volume: 1

Series: Tax Law Technical Note

Author(s): Christophe Waerzeggers , and Cory Hillier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515823.008

ISBN: 9781513515823

Keywords: Tax evasion, Tax regimes, Tax systems, tax, tax benefit, tax law, transaction, tax avoidance

Tax avoidance continues to attract attention globally with strong support for tax law reform at all levels. This Tax Law IMF Technical Note focuses on some of the key design and drafting considerations of one speci...

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind »

Source: Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lars Svensson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

ISBN: 9781498314787

Keywords: macroprudential policy, unemployment, unemployment rate, debt, marginal cost, benchmark, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), All Countries

“Leaning against the wind” (LAW) with a higher monetary policy interest rate may have benefits in terms of lower real debt growth and associated lower probability of a financial crisis but has costs in terms of hig...

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind »

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lars Svensson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314787.001

ISBN: 9781498314787

Keywords: macroprudential policy, unemployment, unemployment rate, debt, marginal cost, benchmark, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), All Countries

“Leaning against the wind” (LAW) with a higher monetary policy interest rate may have benefits in terms of lower real debt growth and associated lower probability of a financial crisis but has costs in terms of hig...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Chapter 3. Enhancing the Follow-Up Process for IEO Evaluations

Chapter 3. Enhancing the Follow-Up Process for IEO Evaluations »

Source: IEO Annual Report 2014

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498350891

Keywords: evaluation, imf, forecasts, monitoring, quality

Under the framework established following the 2006 external evaluation of the IEO, responsibility for follow-up on IEO evaluations was assigned to IMF Management. The IEO’s informal role has primarily been t...

Chapter 2. IEO Outputs in FY2014

Chapter 2. IEO Outputs in FY2014 »

Source: IEO Annual Report 2014

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498350891

Keywords: evaluation, imf, forecasts, monitoring, quality

IMF Forecasts and one on Recurring Issues from a Decade of Evaluation—as well as an update of the 2005 evaluation on IMF Technical Assistance....

Chapter 4. Looking Ahead: Ongoing Evaluations and the IEO Work Program

Chapter 4. Looking Ahead: Ongoing Evaluations and the IEO Work Program »

Source: IEO Annual Report 2014

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498350891

Keywords: evaluation, imf, forecasts, monitoring, quality

The IEO is currently working on three evaluations, namely on self-evaluation in the IMF, the IMF’s response to the financial and economic crisis, and statistics. Also underway are two updates of past evaluat...