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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

World Saving1

World Saving1 »

Source: World Saving

Volume/Issue: 2014/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , Alexander Herman , and Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2014

ISBN: 9781475545517

Keywords: corporate saving, Global Financial Crisis, household saving, national saving, private saving, saving, income, future, trade, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents new evidence on the behavior of saving in the world, by extending previous empirical research in five dimensions. First, it is based on a very large and recent database, covering 165 countries f...

World Saving

World Saving »

Volume/Issue: 2014/204

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , Alexander Herman , and Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545517.001

ISBN: 9781475545517

Keywords: corporate saving, Global Financial Crisis, household saving, national saving, private saving, saving, income, future, trade, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents new evidence on the behavior of saving in the world, by extending previous empirical research in five dimensions. First, it is based on a very large and recent database, covering 165 countries f...

Understanding Countries’ Tax Effort

Understanding Countries’ Tax Effort »

Source: Understanding Countries' Tax Effort

Volume/Issue: 2013/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ricardo Fenochietto , and Carola Pessino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484301272

Keywords: tax effort, tax frontier, tax capacity, stochastic tax frontier, inefficiency, tax revenues, tax analysis, determinants of tax revenue, tax system, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents a model to determine the tax effort and tax capacity of 113 countries and the main variables on which they depend. The results and the model allow a clear determination of which countries are ne...

Understanding Countries' Tax Effort

Understanding Countries' Tax Effort »

Volume/Issue: 2013/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ricardo Fenochietto , and Carola Pessino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301272.001

ISBN: 9781484301272

Keywords: tax effort, tax frontier, tax capacity, stochastic tax frontier, inefficiency, tax revenues, tax analysis, determinants of tax revenue, tax system, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents a model to determine the tax effort and tax capacity of 113 countries and the main variables on which they depend. The results and the model allow a clear determination of which countries are ne...

Growth Forecast Errors and  Fiscal Multipliers

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers »

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475576443.001

ISBN: 9781475576443

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal consolidation, fiscal multipliers, growth forecast, fiscal balance, General, General, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits

This paper investigates the relation between growth forecast errors and planned fiscal consolidation during the crisis. We find that, in advanced economies, stronger planned fiscal consolidation has been associated...

Growth Forecast Errors and  Fiscal Multipliers

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers »

Source: Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475576443

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal consolidation, fiscal multipliers, growth forecast, fiscal balance, General, General, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits

This paper investigates the relation between growth forecast errors and planned fiscal consolidation during the crisis. We find that, in advanced economies, stronger planned fiscal consolidation has been associated...

Rapid Credit Growth

Rapid Credit Growth »

Source: Rapid Credit Growth : Boon or Boom-Bust?

Volume/Issue: 2011/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

ISBN: 9781463922627

Keywords: boom-bust cycles, emerging Asia, capital inflows, credit boom, current account deficits, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Episodes of rapid credit growth, especially credit booms, tend to end abruptly, typically in the form of financial crises. This paper presents the findings of a comprehensive event study focusing on 99 credit booms...

Rapid Credit Growth
			: Boon or Boom-Bust?

Rapid Credit Growth : Boon or Boom-Bust? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/241

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463922627.001

ISBN: 9781463922627

Keywords: boom-bust cycles, emerging Asia, capital inflows, credit boom, current account deficits, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

Episodes of rapid credit growth, especially credit booms, tend to end abruptly, typically in the form of financial crises. This paper presents the findings of a comprehensive event study focusing on 99 credit booms...

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies

Determinants of Bank Credit in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2011/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vahram Stepanyan , and Kai Guo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455218035.001

ISBN: 9781455218035

Keywords: pre-crisis, banking, banking sector, post-crisis period, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

We examine changes in bank credit across a wide range of emerging market economies during the last decade. The rich time-series and cross-section information allows us to draw broader lessons compared to many exist...