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Regional Economic Outlook, May 2018, Europe

Managing the Upswing in Uncertain Times

The Spring EUR REO projects the economic outlook for the region for the next six months.

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies

Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies »

Volume/Issue: 2009/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zvi Wiener , and Dan Galai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872576.001

ISBN: 9781451872576

Keywords: credit spread, currency mismatch, Merton&;amp;#x2019;s model, correlation, bond, present value, probability,

The paper shows how-in a Merton-type model with bankruptcy-the currency composition of debt changes the risk profile of a company raising a given amount of financing, and thus affects the cost of debt. Foreign curr...

Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies

Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies »

Source: Credit Risk Spreads in Local and Foreign Currencies

Volume/Issue: 2009/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zvi Wiener , and Dan Galai

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2009

ISBN: 9781451872576

Keywords: credit spread, currency mismatch, Merton&;amp;#x2019;s model, correlation, bond, present value, probability,

The paper shows how-in a Merton-type model with bankruptcy-the currency composition of debt changes the risk profile of a company raising a given amount of financing, and thus affects the cost of debt. Foreign curr...

What’s on

What’s on »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 34/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451938760

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, public sector

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Policy: Making surveillance more effective

Policy: Making surveillance more effective »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 34/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451938760

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, public sector

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

In the news: Sustained strong growth in Belarus requires market-oriented reforms, policy tightening

In the news: Sustained strong growth in Belarus requires market-oriented reforms, policy tightening »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 34/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451938760

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, public sector

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

In the news: Samoa outpaces comparators but needs to consolidate gains to boost growth prospects

In the news: Samoa outpaces comparators but needs to consolidate gains to boost growth prospects »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 34/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451938760

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, public sector

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

In the News: Fiscal tightening needed to help Bahamanian economy reach growth potential

In the News: Fiscal tightening needed to help Bahamanian economy reach growth potential »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 34/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451938760

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, public sector

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

In the news: Egypt’s policies take a pro-reform turn, addressing main challenges

In the news: Egypt’s policies take a pro-reform turn, addressing main challenges »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 34/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451938760

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, public sector

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 14

IMF Survey, Volume 34, Issue 14 »

Volume/Issue: 34/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451938760.023

ISBN: 9781451938760

Keywords: tax treaties, international monetary fund, tax policy, public sector

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...