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Commodity Prices

Commodity Prices »

Source: Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Dread of Depreciation

Dread of Depreciation »

Source: Dread of Depreciation : Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions

Volume/Issue: 2002/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jayasri Dutta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848434

Keywords: interventions, parity conditions, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation,

We specify an empirical framework to detect the effects of official intervention on real exchange rate dynamics. Using data for 27 advanced and emerging market economies, we find evidence that interventions are a n...

El FMI En 1998/99

El FMI En 1998/99 »

Source: Informe Anual 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781451978681

...

I. Introducción al Manual

I. Introducción al Manual »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

1. El propósito del Manual de estadísticas monetarias y financieras (MEMF, o manual) es ofrecer directrices para la presentación de esta área de las estadísticas macroeconómicas. Además de servir de ayuda en...

II. Marco Analítico

II. Marco Analítico »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Introducción 9. Las estadísticas monetarias constituyen un conjunto integral de datos sobre saldos y flujos de activos y pasivos financieros y no financieros del sector de las socied...

III. Unidades institucionales y sectores

III. Unidades institucionales y sectores »

Source: Manual de Estadísticas Monetarias y Financieras

Series: Other Statistical Products

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2000

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589060166

Introducción 46. El capítulo III se ocupa de la definición de las unidades institucionales y su agrupación en sectores. La sectorización de los sujetos de las transacciones—cuyo prim...

Commodity Prices
			: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline? »

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842371.001

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

Dread of Depreciation
			: Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions

Dread of Depreciation : Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions »

Volume/Issue: 2002/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jayasri Dutta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848434.001

ISBN: 9781451848434

Keywords: interventions, parity conditions, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation,

We specify an empirical framework to detect the effects of official intervention on real exchange rate dynamics. Using data for 27 advanced and emerging market economies, we find evidence that interventions are a n...

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures
			: Theory and Evidence

The Persistence of Corruption and Regulatory Compliance Failures : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2003/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Per Fredriksson , Muthukumara Mani , and Richard Damania

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858594.001

ISBN: 9781451858594

Keywords: rule of law, lobbying, political instability, bureaucracy, judicial efficiency, political stability, political economy, common law, judicial system, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper examines the reasons why corruption and policy distortions tend to exhibit a high degree of persistence in certain regimes. We identify circumstances under which a firm seeks to evade regulations by (1)...

Informe Anual 1999

Informe Anual 1999 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451978681.011

ISBN: 9781451978681

Informe Anual del Directorio Ejecutivo correspondiente al ejercicio cerrado el 30 de abril de 1999....