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Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2000/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ke-young Chu , Hamid Davoodi , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848281.001

ISBN: 9781451848281

Keywords: tax incidence, government social spending, household income, direct taxes, indirect taxes

This paper reviews income distribution in developing (and transition) countries in recent decades. On average, before-tax income distribution in developing countries is less unequal than in industrial countries. Ho...

Inflation Reports and Models
			: How Well Do Central Banks Really Write?

Inflation Reports and Models : How Well Do Central Banks Really Write? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Jaromír Hurník , and Katerina Smidkova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498387613.001

ISBN: 9781498387613

Keywords: Kalman filter, monetary policy communication, inflation, central bank, aggregate demand, Forecasting and Simulation, Forecasting and Simulation,

We offer a novel methodology for assessing the quality of inflation reports. In contrast to the existing literature, which mostly evaluates the formal quality of these reports, we evaluate their economic content by...

Inflation Targeting and Communication
			: It Pays Off to Read Inflation Reports

Inflation Targeting and Communication : It Pays Off to Read Inflation Reports »

Volume/Issue: 2008/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katerina Smídková , Viktor Kotlán , David Navrátil , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870923.001

ISBN: 9781451870923

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation forecasts

Inflation-targeting central banks have a respectable track record at explaining their policy actions and corresponding inflation outturns. Using a simple forward-looking policy rule and an assessment of inflation r...

Insurance Companies in Emerging Markets

Insurance Companies in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2005/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Kong , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861075.001

ISBN: 9781451861075

Keywords: asset allocation, investments, life insurers, life insurance, risk management, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper focuses on asset allocation decisions of life insurance companies in emerging markets. Mature market insurers allocate only a small fraction of their assets to emerging markets because of regulatory cons...

Writing Clearly
			: ECB's Monetary Policy Communication

Writing Clearly : ECB's Monetary Policy Communication »

Volume/Issue: 2008/252

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Cihak , Katerina Smídková , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871104.001

ISBN: 9781451871104

Keywords: Communication, inflation, central bank, inflation forecasts, inflation target,

The paper presents a methodology for measuring the clarity of central bank communication, illustrating it with the case of the European Central Bank (ECB) in 1999-2007. The analysis identifies the ECB's written com...

Transparency and International Investor Behavior

Transparency and International Investor Behavior »

Volume/Issue: 2002/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shang-Jin Wei , and R. Gelos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858709.001

ISBN: 9781451858709

Keywords: portfolio investment, international investors, international financial architecture, contagion, investors, asian crisis, accounting standards, International Finance: General, Information, Knowledge

Does country "transparency" affect international portfolio investment? We examine this and related questions using a unique micro dataset on international portfolio holdings. We employ various indices of government...

Improving Rural Finance in Developing Countries

Improving Rural Finance in Developing Countries »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1991

Volume/Issue: 28/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451953046

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates, monetary authorities, exchange rate regime

European Community member states now face critical decisions on the design and implementation of monetary policy...

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries »

Source: Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ke-young Chu , Hamid Davoodi , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451848281

Keywords: tax incidence, government social spending, household income, direct taxes, indirect taxes

This paper reviews income distribution in developing (and transition) countries in recent decades. On average, before-tax income distribution in developing countries is less unequal than in industrial countries. Ho...

Inflation Reports and Models

Inflation Reports and Models »

Source: Inflation Reports and Models : How Well Do Central Banks Really Write?

Volume/Issue: 2014/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Jaromír Hurník , and Katerina Smidkova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2014

ISBN: 9781498387613

Keywords: Kalman filter, monetary policy communication, inflation, central bank, aggregate demand, Forecasting and Simulation, Forecasting and Simulation,

We offer a novel methodology for assessing the quality of inflation reports. In contrast to the existing literature, which mostly evaluates the formal quality of these reports, we evaluate their economic content by...

Inflation Targeting and Communication

Inflation Targeting and Communication »

Source: Inflation Targeting and Communication : It Pays Off to Read Inflation Reports

Volume/Issue: 2008/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katerina Smídková , Viktor Kotlán , David Navrátil , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2008

ISBN: 9781451870923

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation forecasts

Inflation-targeting central banks have a respectable track record at explaining their policy actions and corresponding inflation outturns. Using a simple forward-looking policy rule and an assessment of inflation r...