Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 14 items :

  • Keywords: wages x
Clear All
Corruption and the Rate of Temptation

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation »

Source: Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

Corruption Around the World

Corruption Around the World »

Source: Corruption Around the World : Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

Volume/Issue: 1998/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451848397

Keywords: role of state, regulations, bribes, wages, salaries, wage, bribe

Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the c...

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies »

Source: Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies

Volume/Issue: 1996/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451922554

Keywords: wages, wage, tax evasion, tax collectors, tax collector

Real wage declines have been common in the public sector in many countries over substantial periods of time. In several cases, such wage reductions have coincided with a decline in the efficiency of the public sect...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Singapore

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Singapore »

Source: Singapore : 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information

Volume/Issue: 2012/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475504873

Keywords: real wages, aggregate demand, monetary fund

Singapore's large financial sector has remained resilient. The output has shown to rebound strongly despite a drop of 9 percent in GDP during 2008-early 2009. The new challenges include consumer price inflation, in...

Singapore
			: 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information

Singapore : 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information »

Volume/Issue: 2012/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504873.002

ISBN: 9781475504873

Keywords: real wages, aggregate demand, monetary fund

Singapore's large financial sector has remained resilient. The output has shown to rebound strongly despite a drop of 9 percent in GDP during 2008-early 2009. The new challenges include consumer price inflation, in...

Singapore
			: Selected Issues

Singapore : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/327

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475520743.002

ISBN: 9781475520743

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy reaction function, monetary fund, real wages

This Selected Issues Paper discusses some observations on Singapore's monetary policy framework. Singapore's monetary policy uses the nominal effective exchange rate (NEER) as the instrument in a basket-band-crawl...

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation
			: Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849424.001

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

Corruption Around the World
			: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

Corruption Around the World : Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures »

Volume/Issue: 1998/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848397.001

ISBN: 9781451848397

Keywords: role of state, regulations, bribes, wages, salaries, wage, bribe

Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the c...

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1996/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922554.001

ISBN: 9781451922554

Keywords: wages, wage, tax evasion, tax collectors, tax collector

Real wage declines have been common in the public sector in many countries over substantial periods of time. In several cases, such wage reductions have coincided with a decline in the efficiency of the public sect...

Wages, Profitability, and Growth in a Small Open Economy

Wages, Profitability, and Growth in a Small Open Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1990/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bankim Chadha

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974188.001

ISBN: 9781451974188

Keywords: Singapore, Wages, wage, labor force, wage increases, labor costs

This paper examines issues raised by the evolution of a rapidly growing small open economy-Singapore-from a labor-intensive, low-technology production base to a capital-intensive, high-technology, knowledge-and-ski...