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Corruption and the Rate of Temptation

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation »

Source: Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

Corruption Around the World

Corruption Around the World »

Source: Corruption Around the World : Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

Volume/Issue: 1998/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451848397

Keywords: role of state, regulations, bribes, wages, salaries, wage, bribe

Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the c...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336731.087

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies »

Source: Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies

Volume/Issue: 1996/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451922554

Keywords: wages, wage, tax evasion, tax collectors, tax collector

Real wage declines have been common in the public sector in many countries over substantial periods of time. In several cases, such wage reductions have coincided with a decline in the efficiency of the public sect...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Singapore

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Singapore »

Source: Singapore : 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information

Volume/Issue: 2012/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475504873

Keywords: real wages, aggregate demand, monetary fund

Singapore's large financial sector has remained resilient. The output has shown to rebound strongly despite a drop of 9 percent in GDP during 2008-early 2009. The new challenges include consumer price inflation, in...

Singapore
			: 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information

Singapore : 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information »

Volume/Issue: 2012/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504873.002

ISBN: 9781475504873

Keywords: real wages, aggregate demand, monetary fund

Singapore's large financial sector has remained resilient. The output has shown to rebound strongly despite a drop of 9 percent in GDP during 2008-early 2009. The new challenges include consumer price inflation, in...

Singapore
			: Selected Issues

Singapore : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/327

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475520743.002

ISBN: 9781475520743

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy reaction function, monetary fund, real wages

This Selected Issues Paper discusses some observations on Singapore's monetary policy framework. Singapore's monetary policy uses the nominal effective exchange rate (NEER) as the instrument in a basket-band-crawl...

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation
			: Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849424.001

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

Corruption Around the World
			: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

Corruption Around the World : Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures »

Volume/Issue: 1998/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848397.001

ISBN: 9781451848397

Keywords: role of state, regulations, bribes, wages, salaries, wage, bribe

Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the c...

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1996/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922554.001

ISBN: 9781451922554

Keywords: wages, wage, tax evasion, tax collectors, tax collector

Real wage declines have been common in the public sector in many countries over substantial periods of time. In several cases, such wage reductions have coincided with a decline in the efficiency of the public sect...