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Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness

Appendix I Real Exchange Rate Movements and External Competitiveness »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Movements in the real exchange rate are summarized in Charts 6 and 7, which show the path of the real effective exchange rate (that is, the trade-weighted exchange rate adjusted for...

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment

Appendix II Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

The reform strategy implemented in the Lao P.D.R. since 1985 has recognized the importance of external resources—both official and private—in accelerating economic transformation an...

Appendix III Legal and Constitutional Reform

Appendix III Legal and Constitutional Reform »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Before the takeover in late 1975, the Kingdom of the Lao P.D.R. had the Constitution of 1947 and an essentially two-tier legal framework: civil affairs, such as family, dowry, inher...

Appendix IV Structure of the Tax System, End-1994

Appendix IV Structure of the Tax System, End-1994 »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

Tax Exemptions and Deductions Rate...

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000

Appendix V The Lao Government's Policy Agenda, 1994/95–1999/2000 »

Source: The Lao People's Democratic Republic : Systemic Transformation and Adjustment

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ichiro Otani , and Chi Pham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755605

Keywords: banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange, privatization, foreign investment

As described in the Committee for Planning and Cooperation's Medium-Term Policy Framework and Public Investment Program, the Lao Government's ambitious policy agenda for 1994/95–199...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

chapter 3. Conditionnanté structurelle: structure et efficacité

chapter 3. Conditionnanté structurelle: structure et efficacité »

Source: Évaluation de la conditionnalité structurelle des programmes appuyés par le FMI

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589067332

Keywords: conditionality, structural conditionality, privatization, depth case studies, country ownership, implementation capacity, reform agenda, structural adjustment, reform program, financial sector reform

9. La présente section décrit les différents types de conditions structurelles et examine en quoi elles réussissent à promouvoir les réformes structurelles. Elles sont d’abord classées en fonction de leur st...

chapter 4. Impact de l’initiative de rationalisation

chapter 4. Impact de l’initiative de rationalisation »

Source: Évaluation de la conditionnalité structurelle des programmes appuyés par le FMI

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589067332

Keywords: conditionality, structural conditionality, privatization, depth case studies, country ownership, implementation capacity, reform agenda, structural adjustment, reform program, financial sector reform

37. La présente section examine les effets de l’initiative de rationalisation. Elle présente la note d’orientation intérimaire et les directives de 2002 sur la conditionnalité — les deux principaux documents...

chapter 1. Introduction

chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Évaluation de la conditionnalité structurelle des programmes appuyés par le FMI

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589067332

Keywords: conditionality, structural conditionality, privatization, depth case studies, country ownership, implementation capacity, reform agenda, structural adjustment, reform program, financial sector reform

1. À partir du milieu des années 80, le FMI a de plus en plus subordonné ses programmes de prêts à la réalisation de réformes structurelles visant à accroître la viabilité des ajustements macroéconomiques, à...

chapter 2. Méthodes et données

chapter 2. Méthodes et données »

Source: Évaluation de la conditionnalité structurelle des programmes appuyés par le FMI

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 2008

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589067332

Keywords: conditionality, structural conditionality, privatization, depth case studies, country ownership, implementation capacity, reform agenda, structural adjustment, reform program, financial sector reform

6. Le document de référence présente aux chapitres III à V une description détaillée des sources de données et des méthodes d’analyse utilisées aux fins de l’évaluation. Nous en présentons ci-dessous un bref...