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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds
			: A Shifting Paradigm

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds : A Shifting Paradigm »

Volume/Issue: 2011/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iva Petrova , Jukka Pihlman , Peter Kunzel , and Yinqiu Lu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211968.001

ISBN: 9781455211968

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment and Risk Management, Government Policy and Regulation, pension, pension reserve, investment objectives, pension fund, risk management, International Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

While SWF investment objectives to some extent reflect inherent characteristics, notable differences in strategic asset allocation (SAA) exist even amongst SWFs of similar types. Even so, this paper shows that the...

Procyclical Behavior of Institutional Investors During the Recent Financial Crisis
			: Causes, Impacts, and Challenges

Procyclical Behavior of Institutional Investors During the Recent Financial Crisis : Causes, Impacts, and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2013/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Papaioannou , Joonkyu Park , Jukka Pihlman , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336083.001

ISBN: 9781484336083

Keywords: long-term investments, institutional investors, procyclicality, financial stability, financial system, financial markets, bonds, bond, Portfolio Choice,

This paper (i) provides evidence on the procyclical investment behavior of major institutional investors during the global financial crisis; (ii) identifies the main factors that could account for such behavior; (i...

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality »

Volume/Issue: 2001/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Wade , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843262.001

ISBN: 9781451843262

Keywords: lotteries, probability, expropriation, equation, credit markets, equations, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper studies the relationship between wealth inequality and occupational choice between rent-seeking and production. With imperfect credit markets and a fixed cost to rent-seeking, only wealthy agents choose...

Stress Testing Financial Systems
			: What to Do When the Governor Calls

Stress Testing Financial Systems : What to Do When the Governor Calls »

Volume/Issue: 2004/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Matthew Jones , and Graham Slack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855012.001

ISBN: 9781451855012

Keywords: financial system, credit, financial institutions, prices, General Financial Markets, Financial Institutions and Services,

Stress testing is becoming a widely used tool to assess potential vulnerabilities in a financial system. This paper is intended to answer some of the basic questions that may arise as part of the process of stress...

Price Volatility and Financial Instability

Price Volatility and Financial Instability »

Volume/Issue: 2001/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gene Leon , and Rupert Worrell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848052.001

ISBN: 9781451848052

Keywords: volatility, financial instability, GARCH models, exchange rate, stock market, stock prices, stock price, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Statistical measures of the volatility of exchange rates, interest rates, and stock prices are estimated for a number of countries. Periods of high volatility are identified and compared with periods of financial d...

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds »

Source: Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds : A Shifting Paradigm

Volume/Issue: 2011/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iva Petrova , Jukka Pihlman , Peter Kunzel , and Yinqiu Lu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211968

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment and Risk Management, Government Policy and Regulation, pension, pension reserve, investment objectives, pension fund, risk management, International Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

While SWF investment objectives to some extent reflect inherent characteristics, notable differences in strategic asset allocation (SAA) exist even amongst SWFs of similar types. Even so, this paper shows that the...

Price Volatility and Financial Instability

Price Volatility and Financial Instability »

Source: Price Volatility and Financial Instability

Volume/Issue: 2001/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gene Leon , and Rupert Worrell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451848052

Keywords: volatility, financial instability, GARCH models, exchange rate, stock market, stock prices, stock price, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Statistical measures of the volatility of exchange rates, interest rates, and stock prices are estimated for a number of countries. Periods of high volatility are identified and compared with periods of financial d...

Procyclical Behavior of Institutional Investors During the Recent Financial Crisis

Procyclical Behavior of Institutional Investors During the Recent Financial Crisis »

Source: Procyclical Behavior of Institutional Investors During the Recent Financial Crisis : Causes, Impacts, and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2013/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Papaioannou , Joonkyu Park , Jukka Pihlman , and Han Hoorn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2013

ISBN: 9781484336083

Keywords: long-term investments, institutional investors, procyclicality, financial stability, financial system, financial markets, bonds, bond, Portfolio Choice,

This paper (i) provides evidence on the procyclical investment behavior of major institutional investors during the global financial crisis; (ii) identifies the main factors that could account for such behavior; (i...

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality

Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality »

Source: Rent Seeking and Endogenous Income Inequality

Volume/Issue: 2001/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Wade , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

ISBN: 9781451843262

Keywords: lotteries, probability, expropriation, equation, credit markets, equations, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking

This paper studies the relationship between wealth inequality and occupational choice between rent-seeking and production. With imperfect credit markets and a fixed cost to rent-seeking, only wealthy agents choose...