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Avoiding the New Mediocre: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Avoiding the New Mediocre: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising the Middle East and Central Asia's long-term growth prospects is critical for meeting the region's pressing need for jobs and higher living standards....

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Chapter 1: China’s Changing Patterns of Trade

Chapter 1: China’s Changing Patterns of Trade »

Source: China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

This chapter takes a close look at China’s trade data to document how patterns of trade are changing. It starts with the background behind China’s rise as an export powerhouse and provides an ov...

Chapter 2: Evolution of the CLMV’s Trade

Chapter 2: Evolution of the CLMV’s Trade »

Source: China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

Having documented the changes in China’s trading patterns, the paper now turns to a close look at the CLMV and their trading patterns. It starts with a basic description of the region and offers...

Chapter 3: Policy Implications for the CLMV

Chapter 3: Policy Implications for the CLMV »

Source: China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

This chapter tries to draw out what the preceding analysis means for CLMV policies. So far, we have seen that China is indeed moving up the value chain and bringing upstream activities onshore,...

China’s Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

China’s Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV »

Source: China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

China's trade patterns are evolving. While it started in light manufacturing and the assembly of more sophisticated products as part of global supply chains, China is now moving up the value chain, 'onshoring' the...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

China's trade patterns are evolving. While it started in light manufacturing and the assembly of more sophisticated products as part of global supply chains, China is now moving up the value chain, 'onshoring' the...

Avoiding the New Mediocre
			: Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia

Avoiding the New Mediocre : Raising Long-Term Growth in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Pritha Mitra , Amr Hosny , Gohar Minasyan , Mark Fischer , and Gohar Abajyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572710.087

ISBN: 9781513572710

Keywords: Middle East and Central Asia, Fiscal policy, environment, oil, productivity, growth, employment, long-term growth, capital, labor

Raising the Middle East and Central Asia's long-term growth prospects is critical for meeting the region's pressing need for jobs and higher living standards....

China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513544991.087

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

China's trade patterns are evolving. While it started in light manufacturing and the assembly of more sophisticated products as part of global supply chains, China is now moving up the value chain, 'onshoring' the...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: China's Changing Trade and the Implications for the CLMV

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Koshy Mathai , Geoff Gottlieb , Gee Hee Hong , Sung Eun Jung , Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Jiangyan Yu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2016

ISBN: 9781513544991

Keywords: Trade partners, Global trade, Trade flows, Trade patterns, trade,labor,clmv

China has become the world’s largest trading nation and the center of the global supply chain. A negligible player in global trade just a few decades ago, China now accounts for more than 12 percent of world...