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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor »

Volume/Issue: 2004/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852721.001

ISBN: 9781451852721

Keywords: Agglomeration, matching, spatial mismatch, interregional trade, trade costs, skilled workers, free trade, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Labor Contracts, Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity

We show in the context of a new economic geography model that when labor is heterogenous trade liberalization may lead to industrial agglomeration and interregional trade. Labor heterogeneity gives local monopoly p...

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor

Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor »

Source: Trade and Industrial Location with Heterogeneous Labor

Volume/Issue: 2004/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2004

ISBN: 9781451852721

Keywords: Agglomeration, matching, spatial mismatch, interregional trade, trade costs, skilled workers, free trade, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Labor Contracts, Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity

We show in the context of a new economic geography model that when labor is heterogenous trade liberalization may lead to industrial agglomeration and interregional trade. Labor heterogeneity gives local monopoly p...