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Africa's Got Work to Do

Africa's Got Work to Do »

Source: Africa's Got Work to Do : Employment Prospects in the New Century

Volume/Issue: 2013/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Cleary Haines , Jorge Huerta Munoz , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484389195

Keywords: wage employment, household enterprises, labor, General, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Sub-Saharan Africa.,

Estimates of the current and future structure of employment in sub-Saharan Africa (2005–20) are obtained based on household survey estimates for 28 countries and an elasticity-type model that relates employm...

An Anatomy of Corporate Bond Markets

An Anatomy of Corporate Bond Markets »

Source: An Anatomy of Corporate Bond Markets : Growing Pains and Knowledge Gains

Volume/Issue: 2005/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pipat Luengnaruemitchai , and Li Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

ISBN: 9781451861716

Keywords: Benchmark, mature markets, regulation, bond, bonds, corporate bonds, corporate bond, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

The objective of this paper is to discuss the key issues relating to the development of local corporate bond markets. We examine the requirements for local corporate bond market development, and compare and contras...

Asean Bond Market Development

Asean Bond Market Development »

Source: Asean Bond Market Development : Where Does it Stand? Where is it Going?

Volume/Issue: 2011/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Pradhan , Shanaka Peiris , Mangal Goswami , Dulani Seneviratne , Joshua Felman , Andreas Jobst , and Simon Gray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455265428

Keywords: ASEAN, market development, bond market, capital inflows, securities, capital markets, General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: General, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Market Structure And Pricing

Since the Asian crisis, ASEAN5 countries have expended considerable effort in trying to develop their domestic bond markets. Yet today these markets are not much larger, relative to GDP, than they were a decade bef...

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Source: Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Asian Financial Integration

Asian Financial Integration »

Source: Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

Assessing Corporate Vulnerabilities in Indonesia

Assessing Corporate Vulnerabilities in Indonesia »

Source: Assessing Corporate Vulnerabilities in Indonesia : A Bottom-Up Default Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2017/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau , Weimin Miao , Ken Miyajima , and Jongsoon Shin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475595130

Keywords: Indonesia, Corporate sector, Asia and Pacific, bottom-up default analysis, default risk, scenario analysis, simulation, hazard rate models, Model Evaluation and Testing, General

Under adverse macroeconomic conditions, the potential realization of corporate sector vulnerabilities could pose major risks to the economy. This paper assesses corporate vulnerabilities in Indonesia by using a Bot...

Assessing Countries’ Financial Inclusion Standing - A New Composite Index

Assessing Countries’ Financial Inclusion Standing - A New Composite Index »

Source: Assessing Countries' Financial Inclusion Standing - A New Composite Index

Volume/Issue: 2014/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Goran Amidži? , Alexander Massara , and André Mialou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475569681

Keywords: Financial inclusion, access and usage of financial services, factor analysis, index, banking, microfinance, Index Numbers and Aggregation, Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Macroeconomic Data

This paper leverages the IMF's Financial Access Survey (FAS) database to construct a new composite index of financial inclusion. The topic of financial inclusion has gathered significant attention in recent years....

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

The Big Split: Why Did Output Trajectories in the ASEAN-4 Diverge after the Global Financial Crisis?

The Big Split: Why Did Output Trajectories in the ASEAN-4 Diverge after the Global Financial Crisis? »

Source: The Big Split : Why Did Output Trajectories in the ASEAN-4 Diverge after the Global Financial Crisis?

Volume/Issue: 2013/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Agnes Isnawangsih , Vladimir Klyuev , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2013

ISBN: 9781475588774

Keywords: Global Financial Crisis, ASEAN, Countercyclical Policies, trading partner, domestic demand, trading partners, trade openness, General, International Business Cycles, Countercyclical Policies.,

The global financial crisis originated in advanced economies, but had a major impact on emerging markets. The impact, however, was not uniform. Even in a relatively homogenous group of countries such as ASEAN-4 (In...

The Boom, Bust and Restructuring of Indonesian Banks

The Boom, Bust and Restructuring of Indonesian Banks »

Source: The Boom, Bust and Restructuring of Indonesian Banks

Volume/Issue: 2002/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mari Pangestu , and Manggi Habir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848809

Keywords: Asian financial crisis, banking reforms, banking, recapitalization, banking sector, banking crisis, banking system, And The Supply Of Money And Credit, macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy

This paper studies why currency and monetary shock hit Indonesia's economy and banking sector so severely and the measures that were taken to deal with the banking crisis, the lessons learned, and challenges faced...