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2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance

2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

This chapter provides a framework for determining the appropriate mix of monetary, fiscal, and exchange rate policies for correcting macroeconomic imbalances. It discusses the design of macroeconomic adjustm...

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

One of the primary goals of fiscal policy is to contribute to price stabilization in the context of a sustainable balance of payments. 1 To attain this objective, public sector fi...

Asymmetric Adjustment and Nonlinear Dynamics in Real Exchange Rates

Asymmetric Adjustment and Nonlinear Dynamics in Real Exchange Rates »

Source: Asymmetric Adjustment and Nonlinear Dynamics in Real Exchange Rates

Volume/Issue: 2003/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gene Leon , and Serineh Najarian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451857696

Keywords: Nonlinearities, asymmetry, exchange rate, exchange rates, nonlinearity, statistics, real exchange rate,

This paper examines whether deviations from PPP are stationary in the presence of nonlinearity, and whether the adjustment toward PPP is symmetric from above and below. Using alternative nonlinear models, our resul...

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare »

Source: Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2004/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Ivan Tchakarov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451848458

Keywords: financial accelerator, debt-to-GDP threshold, second-order approximation, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, flexible exchange rate, fixed exchange rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The debate about the appropriate choice of exchange rate regime is fundamental in international economics. This paper develops a small open-economy model with balance sheet effects and compares the performance of f...

5 Current Account Sustainability

5 Current Account Sustainability »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

The current account of the balance of payments is an important variable for policymakers. Deficits in the external current account are the result of the accumulation of net claims of foreigners on residents....

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

Traditional models of exchange rate determination have focused on three types of explanatory variables: national price levels, interest rates, and the balance of payments. Although the perception that exchan...

3 Do IMF-Supported Programs Work? A Survey of the Cross-Country Empirical Evidence

3 Do IMF-Supported Programs Work? A Survey of the Cross-Country Empirical Evidence »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

The IMF plays a central role in the adjustment efforts of its member countries by assisting in the design of appropriate adjustment programs to achieve viability of the balance of payments, price stability,...

Dread of Depreciation

Dread of Depreciation »

Source: Dread of Depreciation : Measuring Real Exchange Rate Interventions

Volume/Issue: 2002/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jayasri Dutta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451848434

Keywords: interventions, parity conditions, exchange rates, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equation,

We specify an empirical framework to detect the effects of official intervention on real exchange rate dynamics. Using data for 27 advanced and emerging market economies, we find evidence that interventions are a n...

Exchange Rate Forecasting Techniques, Survey Data, and Implications for the Foreign Exchange Market

Exchange Rate Forecasting Techniques, Survey Data, and Implications for the Foreign Exchange Market »

Source: Exchange Rate Forecasting Techniques, Survey Data, and Implications for the Foreign Exchange Market

Volume/Issue: 1990/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1990

ISBN: 9781451975000

Keywords: survey, exchange rate, foreign exchange, foreign exchange market, forecasting

This paper examines the dynamics of the foreign exchange market. The first half addresses a number of key questions regarding the forecasts of future exchange rates made by market participants, by means of updated...

8 Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Management

8 Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Management »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

Fiscal policy is defined as the government’s measures to guide and control spending and taxation. The traditional view is that fiscal policy performs three main functions: allocation, distributi...