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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Frontier Asian economies are poised for continued rapid growth. 1 Their per capita incomes may be relatively low compared with the rest of Asia at present, but they are clearly on...

Chapter 7. Addressing Financial Sector Vulnerabilities

Chapter 7. Addressing Financial Sector Vulnerabilities »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Financial sector development and deepening are broadly seen to be essential to long-term growth because they enable saving and facilitate investment (see Chapter 6 on Financial Sector Deepening). Although th...

Chapter 3. Diversification, Growth, and Volatility

Chapter 3. Diversification, Growth, and Volatility »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Limited diversification in exports and broader economic structure have long been underlying characteristics of many developing and, in particular, frontier economies. Yet some have shown a remarkable economi...

Chapter 6. Financial Sector Deepening and Transformation

Chapter 6. Financial Sector Deepening and Transformation »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Financial deepening is a multidimensional concept. It can be viewed as the process of enhancing and broadening financial systems by increasing the depth, liquidity, efficiency, and volumes of financial insti...

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As growth in several major emerging market economies has slowed, economists and investors alike have shown more interest in a second group of countries in Asia and beyond—the frontier economies. A number of...

Chapter 4. Growth Slowdown: Are Frontier and Developing Asian Economies Different?

Chapter 4. Growth Slowdown: Are Frontier and Developing Asian Economies Different? »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As is well known, generating growth in low-income countries with low capital stock, limited access to credit, and poor education systems is very challenging, and this phenomenon has been well studied in the...

Chapter 2. Lessons for Frontier Economies from the Recent Experience of Emerging Markets

Chapter 2. Lessons for Frontier Economies from the Recent Experience of Emerging Markets »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Frontier economies have grown rapidly since the turn of the century. While GDP growth rates have varied considerably among the countries in this group, their average growth and inflation rates have been gene...

Chapter 9. Monetary Policy Frameworks: An Assessment

Chapter 9. Monetary Policy Frameworks: An Assessment »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

The key features of frontier and developing Asia’s development experience since the mid-1990s are its impressive growth performance and relatively well-contained inflation. 1 Duri...

Chapter 1. The Growing Importance of Frontier and Developing Asia

Chapter 1. The Growing Importance of Frontier and Developing Asia »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Even if a mountain is high, there is always a way to reach the top—and although the way might be full of danger, there is always a way for someone to get through it. (Vietnamese proverb)...