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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Exchange rate policies of selected Asian countries: Coordinating monetary and exchange rate policies can help curb inflation

Exchange rate policies of selected Asian countries: Coordinating monetary and exchange rate policies can help curb inflation »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1982

Volume/Issue: 19/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1982

ISBN: 9781616353490

Keywords: gross domestic product, capital market, capital markets, per capita incomes, private capital market

This paper reviews the World Bank's graduation policy. Graduation of borrowers from the World Bank is a firmly established principle and has been a long-standing practice. Graduation is a logical step in the develo...