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2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance

2 Adjustment and Internal-External Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

This chapter provides a framework for determining the appropriate mix of monetary, fiscal, and exchange rate policies for correcting macroeconomic imbalances. It discusses the design of macroeconomic adjustm...

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754899.084

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

This paper examines the experience of implementing indirect instruments of monetary policy. The experiences of country studies illustrate the variety of circumstances under which indirect instruments of monetary po...

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance

9 Assessment of the Fiscal Balance »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

One of the primary goals of fiscal policy is to contribute to price stabilization in the context of a sustainable balance of payments. 1 To attain this objective, public sector fi...

5 Current Account Sustainability

5 Current Account Sustainability »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

The current account of the balance of payments is an important variable for policymakers. Deficits in the external current account are the result of the accumulation of net claims of foreigners on residents....

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature

10 Determinants of Nominal Exchange Rates: A Survey of the Literature »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

Traditional models of exchange rate determination have focused on three types of explanatory variables: national price levels, interest rates, and the balance of payments. Although the perception that exchan...

3 Do IMF-Supported Programs Work? A Survey of the Cross-Country Empirical Evidence

3 Do IMF-Supported Programs Work? A Survey of the Cross-Country Empirical Evidence »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

The IMF plays a central role in the adjustment efforts of its member countries by assisting in the design of appropriate adjustment programs to achieve viability of the balance of payments, price stability,...

8 Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Management

8 Fiscal Policy and Macroeconomic Management »

Source: Macroeconomic Management : Programs and Policies

Series: Books

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong , Mohsin Khan , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589060944

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, real exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates

Fiscal policy is defined as the government’s measures to guide and control spending and taxation. The traditional view is that fiscal policy performs three main functions: allocation, distributi...

I Executive Summary

I Executive Summary »

Source: The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

The exchange rate plays a more important role in monetary policy for emerging economies that have adopted inflation targeting than for their advanced economy counterparts. Inflation-targeting emerging econom...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

In the late 1970s, industrial countries began phasing out the direct instruments some of them used to operate monetary policy—including credit controls, interest rate ceilings, and sometimes directed credits...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Part II provides additional details on selected countries’ experiences with the introduction of indirect instruments. It consists of seven case studies (Chile, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, New Zealand, a...