Browse

You are looking at 1 - 3 of 3 items :

  • Middle East x
  • Keywords: labor force x
Clear All
The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , and Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331613.001

ISBN: 9781484331613

Keywords: Informal economy, latent variable, Caucasus and Central Asia, labor market, employment, labor force, self employment, total employment, General, Structure and Scope of Government

This study estimates the size of the informal economy, and the relative contribution of each underlying factor, for the Caucasus and Central Asia countries in 2008. Using a Multiple Indicator-Multiple Cause model,...

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Measuring the Informal Economy in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2013/137

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , and Leandro Medina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484331613

Keywords: Informal economy, latent variable, Caucasus and Central Asia, labor market, employment, labor force, self employment, total employment, General, Structure and Scope of Government

This study estimates the size of the informal economy, and the relative contribution of each underlying factor, for the Caucasus and Central Asia countries in 2008. Using a Multiple Indicator-Multiple Cause model,...