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Commodity Prices

Commodity Prices »

Source: Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

3 Economic Adjustment, Financing, and Growth in Southeast Asia During the 1980s

3 Economic Adjustment, Financing, and Growth in Southeast Asia During the 1980s »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

The debt crisis that emerged in the early 1980s forced many countries to reconsider their development strategies. Many had embraced international borrowing as a way to boost investm...

6 Exchange Rate Policies and Management: A Model for Successful Structural Adjustment

6 Exchange Rate Policies and Management: A Model for Successful Structural Adjustment »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

Over the past two decades rising economic performance in the developing countries of East Asia has propelled the region into growing prominence and has raised important questions re...

7 Export Volatility and Stabilization in Malaysia

7 Export Volatility and Stabilization in Malaysia »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

This paper presents Malaysia's experience in responding to volatile and unstable export earnings, more generally, to the adverse external shocks arising from volatile trade and capi...

Commodity Prices
			: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline? »

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842371.001

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan

When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2002/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850765.001

ISBN: 9781451850765

Keywords: domestic savings, growth rate, rapid economic growth, export earnings, Development Planning And Policy, Economywide Country Studies,

This paper focuses on two central issues related to the contrasting experiences of Malaysia and Pakistan regarding poverty reduction. First, it examines the structure of economic growth and its proximate determinan...

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064454.051

ISBN: 9781589064454

Keywords: Developing countries, Trade policy, Trade relations, trade liberalization, export earnings, trade facilitation, multilateral trade, export markets

Efforts to liberalize world trade are increasingly focusing on strengthening the links between low-income countries' trade policies and their development strategies. However, although greater trade openness promise...

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System »

Source: Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064454

Keywords: Developing countries, Trade policy, Trade relations, trade liberalization, export earnings, trade facilitation, multilateral trade, export markets

Since the Uruguay Round ended in 1994, a growing number of economic studies have emphasized that developing countries would benefit more from better access to export markets and fro...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064454

Keywords: Developing countries, Trade policy, Trade relations, trade liberalization, export earnings, trade facilitation, multilateral trade, export markets

Efforts to liberalize world trade are increasingly focusing on strengthening the links between low-income countries' trade policies and their development strategies. However, although greater trade openness promise...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Integrating Poor Countries into the World Trading System

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589064454

Keywords: Developing countries, Trade policy, Trade relations, trade liberalization, export earnings, trade facilitation, multilateral trade, export markets

Efforts to liberalize world trade are increasingly focusing on strengthening the links between low-income countries' trade policies and their development strategies. However, although greater trade openness promise...