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Commodity Prices

Commodity Prices »

Source: Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

3 Economic Adjustment, Financing, and Growth in Southeast Asia During the 1980s

3 Economic Adjustment, Financing, and Growth in Southeast Asia During the 1980s »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

The debt crisis that emerged in the early 1980s forced many countries to reconsider their development strategies. Many had embraced international borrowing as a way to boost investm...

6 Exchange Rate Policies and Management: A Model for Successful Structural Adjustment

6 Exchange Rate Policies and Management: A Model for Successful Structural Adjustment »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

Over the past two decades rising economic performance in the developing countries of East Asia has propelled the region into growing prominence and has raised important questions re...

7 Export Volatility and Stabilization in Malaysia

7 Export Volatility and Stabilization in Malaysia »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

This paper presents Malaysia's experience in responding to volatile and unstable export earnings, more generally, to the adverse external shocks arising from volatile trade and capi...

Commodity Prices
			: Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline?

Commodity Prices : Cyclical Weakness or Secular Decline? »

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham , and Carmen Reinhart

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842371.001

ISBN: 9781451842371

Keywords: commodity prices, export earnings, hedging, terms of trade, commodity agreements

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s and there is evidence of renewed...

When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan

When is Economic Growth Pro-Poor? Experiences in Malaysia and Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2002/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahmood Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850765.001

ISBN: 9781451850765

Keywords: domestic savings, growth rate, rapid economic growth, export earnings, Development Planning And Policy, Economywide Country Studies,

This paper focuses on two central issues related to the contrasting experiences of Malaysia and Pakistan regarding poverty reduction. First, it examines the structure of economic growth and its proximate determinan...

1 Introduction and Summary

1 Introduction and Summary »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

A seminar to discuss structural adjustment in a region that is at times seen as becoming a pivotal part of the global economy in the twenty-first century is likely to be quite excit...

2 Opening Address

2 Opening Address »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

I am very pleased to be here this morning to officiate the opening of the International Monetary Fund Seminar Program for Non-Officials. As co-host, I would like to...

Strategies for Structural Adjustment
			: The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989 »

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751478.071

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

This collection of papers delivered at a seminar, moderated by Ungku A. Aziz, in Kuala Lumpur addresses issues of economic and structural adjustment and trade and exchange rate policies in Southeast Asia....

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Strategies for Structural Adjustment : The Experience of Southeast Asia, papers presented at a seminar held in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, June 28-July 1, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Ungku Abdul Aziz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751478

Keywords: exchange rate, structural adjustment, balance of payments, exchange rates, export earnings

This collection of papers delivered at a seminar, moderated by Ungku A. Aziz, in Kuala Lumpur addresses issues of economic and structural adjustment and trade and exchange rate policies in Southeast Asia....