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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

2. Évolution de L’Économie Mondiale et des Marchés Financiers

2. Évolution de L’Économie Mondiale et des Marchés Financiers »

Source: Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011 : Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

Language: French

ISBN: 9781616351137

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

Après avoir subi en 2009 sa première contraction de l’après-guerre, l’économie mondiale a connu une forte reprise en 2010, avec une croissanc...

5. Finances, Organisation et Responsabilisation

5. Finances, Organisation et Responsabilisation »

Source: Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011 : Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

Language: French

ISBN: 9781616351137

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

La crise mondiale a mis en évidence la nécessité d’accroître sensiblement les ressources du FMI pour que l’institution soit en mesure de four...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536065.061

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices »

Source: How to Adjust to a Large Fall in Commodity Prices

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Paulo Medas , Veronique Salins , and Jeff Danforth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536065

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Canada, Chile, Commodity prices, Malaysia, Natural resources, Nigeria, Sub-Saharan Africa, Western Hemisphere, Commodity boom

Resource-rich countries have to manage highly volatile commodity revenues. In periods of revenue booms there is a tendency for large spending scale-ups. When facing large and persistent reductions in commodity pric...

Human Capital Accumulation and Public Sector Growth

Human Capital Accumulation and Public Sector Growth »

Source: Human Capital Accumulation and Public Sector Growth

Volume/Issue: 1995/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451950441

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, per capita income, per capita income levels, wage expenditure

The present paper takes a fresh theoretical and empirical look into the relationship between Wagner’s law and economic development. It introduces human capital into a classic two-sector model of unbalanced g...

Human Capital Accumulation and Public Sector Growth

Human Capital Accumulation and Public Sector Growth »

Volume/Issue: 1995/95

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi , and Howell Zee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451950441.001

ISBN: 9781451950441

Keywords: expenditure, government expenditure, per capita income, per capita income levels, wage expenditure

The present paper takes a fresh theoretical and empirical look into the relationship between Wagner’s law and economic development. It introduces human capital into a classic two-sector model of unbalanced g...

Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011
			: Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée

Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011 : Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616351137.011

ISBN: 9781616351137

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

The IMF's 2011 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2011, which covers the period from May 1, 2010, thr...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011 : Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

Language: French

ISBN: 9781616351137

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

The IMF's 2011 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2011, which covers the period from May 1, 2010, thr...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Internationaler währungsfondS, Rapport Annuel 2011 : Vers Une Croissance Équitable Et Équilibrée

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2011

Language: French

ISBN: 9781616351137

Keywords: Fy2011, IMF Financing, IMF Accountability, IMF Surveillance, IMF Governance, financial sector, financial stability, debt relief, statistics, balance of payments

The IMF's 2011 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2011, which covers the period from May 1, 2010, thr...