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Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High? »

Source: Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Volume/Issue: 2008/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Milan Zavadjil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870503

Keywords: external liabilities, short-term debt, reserve accumulation

Empirical analysis does not suggest that reserves are "too high" in the majority of Asian countries, though China may be a special case. Much of the reserve increase in Asia can be explained by an optimal insurance...

Are Sovereign Debt Secondary Market Returns Sensitive to Macroecoriomic Fundamentals?  Evidence from the Contemporary and Interwar Markets

Are Sovereign Debt Secondary Market Returns Sensitive to Macroecoriomic Fundamentals? Evidence from the Contemporary and Interwar Markets »

Source: Are Sovereign Debt Secondary Market Returns Sensitive to Macroecoriomic Fundamentals? Evidence from the Contemporary and Interwar Markets

Volume/Issue: 1990/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1990

ISBN: 9781451960624

Keywords: sovereign debt, bond, bonds, debt market, sovereign bond

The insensitivity of sovereign loan secondary market returns to macroeconomic fundamentals has been attributed to market illiquidity and the absence of publicly reported transactional prices. During the 1920s and 1...

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability

Assessing Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Assessing Fiscal Sustainability : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2003/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enzo Croce , and V. Juan-Ramon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856569

Keywords: convergence, fiscal rule, public debt, debt ratio, fiscal stance, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt,

To monitor fiscal sustainability, this paper proposes a recursive algorithm derived from the law of motion of the debt-to-GDP ratio, subject to a government reaction function that links convergence to the targeted...

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government

Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government »

Source: Automatic Stabilizers and the Size of Government : Correcting a Common Misunderstanding

Volume/Issue: 2010/155

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Annalisa Fedelino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201389

Keywords: cyclical adjustment, expenditure, fiscal balances, budget balance, public spending, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, National Deficit Surplus, National Budget

The size of government is a commonly used variable in many analytical studies on the effects of fiscal policy. An accepted practice is to measure it as the ratio of government spending to GDP. However, this is not...

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare »

Source: Balance Sheets, Exchange Rate Policy, and Welfare

Volume/Issue: 2004/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , and Ivan Tchakarov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2004

ISBN: 9781451848458

Keywords: financial accelerator, debt-to-GDP threshold, second-order approximation, exchange rate, exchange rate regimes, exchange rate regime, flexible exchange rate, fixed exchange rate, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The debate about the appropriate choice of exchange rate regime is fundamental in international economics. This paper develops a small open-economy model with balance sheet effects and compares the performance of f...

The Behavior of Conventional and Islamic Bank Deposit Returns in Malaysia and Turkey

The Behavior of Conventional and Islamic Bank Deposit Returns in Malaysia and Turkey »

Source: The Behavior of Conventional and Islamic Bank Deposit Returns in Malaysia and Turkey

Volume/Issue: 2011/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Charap , and Serhan Cevik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455293704

Keywords: Interest rates, Islamic banks, causality, time-varying volatility correlation, bank deposit, interest, balance sheet, debt

This paper examines the empirical behavior of conventional bank deposit rates and the rate of return on retail Islamic profit-and-loss sharing (PLS) investment accounts in Malaysia and Turkey, using monthly data fr...

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation?

Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation? »

Source: Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation?

Volume/Issue: 2015/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anton Korinek , and Damiano Sandri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513506463

Keywords: pecuniary externalities, macroprudential regulation, inequality, exchange rate, exchange, lenders, borrowers, markets, International Lending and Debt Problems, Open Economy Macroeconomics

International capital flows can create significant financial instability in emerging economies because of pecuniary externalities associated with exchange rate movements. Does this make it optimal to impose capital...

Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries

Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries »

Source: Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries

Volume/Issue: 2005/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Claudia Dziobek , and John Dalton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860917

Keywords: central bank balance sheet, central bank losses, central bank, monetary fund, national bank, government securities, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Under normal circumstances, a central bank should be able to operate at a profit with a core level of earnings derived from seigniorage. Losses have, however, arisen in several central banks from a range of activit...

Collect More, Spend Better

Collect More, Spend Better »

Source: Collect More, Spend Better : Public Investment in Asian Frontier Markets

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Ricardo Marto , Jiri Jonas , and Kaitlyn Douglass

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475570892

Keywords: Southeast Asia, Sri Lanka, Tax collection, Vietnam, Capital expenditure, Public investment, Fiscal policy, Emerging markets, Cambodia, Debt sustainability

We use a dynamic small open economy model to explore the macroeconomic impact of alternative public investment scaling-up scenarios, analyzing how improving the efficiency of capital spending and of tax revenue col...

Contagion

Contagion »

Source: Contagion : Monsoonal Effects, Spillovers, and Jumps Between Multiple Equilibria

Volume/Issue: 1998/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451856224

Keywords: contagion, spillovers, multiple equilibria, currency crises, debt crisis, competitiveness

Several concepts of contagion are distinguished. It is argued that only models that admit of multiple equilibria are capable of producing true contagion. A simple balance of payments model is presented to illustrat...