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Central Bank Credit to the Government

Central Bank Credit to the Government »

Source: Central Bank Credit to the Government : What Can We Learn From International Practices?

Volume/Issue: 2012/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcela Matamoros-Indorf , Mrinalini Sharma , Simon Townsend , and Luis Jácome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931216

Keywords: lending to the government, international practices, central bank, inflation, government securities,

Using a central bank legislation database, this paper documents and analyzes worldwide institutional arrangements for central bank lending to the government and identifies international practices. Key findings are:...

Central Bank Governance

Central Bank Governance »

Source: Central Bank Governance : A Survey of Boards and Management

Volume/Issue: 2004/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JoAnne Morris , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875416

Keywords: central bank, inflation, reserve bank, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

This paper identifies issues to consider when designing the structure, size, and composition of the governing boards and management of a central bank. While central bank autonomy and accountability are generally ac...

Central Bank Independence and Transparency

Central Bank Independence and Transparency »

Source: Central Bank Independence and Transparency : Evolution and Effectiveness

Volume/Issue: 2008/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , and Ellen Meade

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

ISBN: 9781451869798

Keywords: inflation, central bank, inflation targeting, monetary fund

This paper examines the current level of central bank independence (CBI) and transparency in a broad sample of countries using newly constructed measures, and looks at the evolution in both measures from an earlier...

Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries

Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries »

Source: Central Bank Losses and Experiences in Selected Countries

Volume/Issue: 2005/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Claudia Dziobek , and John Dalton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860917

Keywords: central bank balance sheet, central bank losses, central bank, monetary fund, national bank, government securities, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Under normal circumstances, a central bank should be able to operate at a profit with a core level of earnings derived from seigniorage. Losses have, however, arisen in several central banks from a range of activit...

Central Banks Use of Derivatives and Other Contingent Liabilities

Central Banks Use of Derivatives and Other Contingent Liabilities »

Source: Central Banks Use of Derivatives and Other Contingent Liabilities : Analytical Issues and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2000/66

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Liliana Schumacher , and Mario Bléjer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451848786

Keywords: central bank, contingent liabilities, foreign exchange, bank assets, deposit insurance

Whereas some central bank derivatives and other contingent liabilities arise from anomalous circumstances, there are a number of positive reasons that explain their popularity. After analyzing the rationale for the...

Clarity of Central Bank Communication About Inflation

Clarity of Central Bank Communication About Inflation »

Source: Clarity of Central Bank Communication About Inflation

Volume/Issue: 2012/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , David-Jan Jansen , and Martin Cihak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931148

Keywords: communication, clarity, central bank, inflation target,

This paper examines whether the clarity of central bank communication about inflation has changed with the economic environment. We use readability statistics and content analysis to study the clarity of communicat...

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind »

Source: Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lars Svensson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

ISBN: 9781498314787

Keywords: macroprudential policy, unemployment, unemployment rate, debt, marginal cost, benchmark, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), All Countries

“Leaning against the wind” (LAW) with a higher monetary policy interest rate may have benefits in terms of lower real debt growth and associated lower probability of a financial crisis but has costs in terms of hig...

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves

Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves »

Source: Currency Crises and Foreign Reserves : A Simple Model

Volume/Issue: 2001/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piti Disyatat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

ISBN: 9781451843644

Keywords: Currency Crisis, Speculative Attacks, Borrowing Reserves, capital controls, external borrowing, central bank, domestic currency, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit: General

This paper addresses the important question of how far a government will run down its stock of foreign reserves in a defense of a fixed exchange rate. An optimizing model of currency crisis is presented in which th...

Financial Sector Reforms and Monetary Policy*

Financial Sector Reforms and Monetary Policy* »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Monetary Policy

Volume/Issue: 1991/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

ISBN: 9781451854947

Keywords: financial sector, central bank, demand for money, financial liberalization

In recent years a number of countries have undertaken far-reaching reforms of their financial sectors. Generally speaking, financial sector reforms aim at achieving greater flexibility of interest rates, an enhance...

G-20 Data Gaps Initiative II

G-20 Data Gaps Initiative II »

Source: G-20 Data Gaps Initiative II : Meeting the Policy Challenge

Volume/Issue: 2016/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Heath , and Evrim Bese Goksu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513530246

Keywords: data gaps, financial interconnections, global financial crisis, cross-border interconnectedness, regulation, financial crisis, central bank, good, insurance, investment

The G-20 Data Gaps Initiative (DGI), which aimed at addressing the information needs that were revealed by the 2007/2008 global financial crisis, concluded its first phase and started a second phase (DGI-2) with th...