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Measures of Central Bank Autonomy
			: Empirical Evidence for OECD, Developing, and Emerging Market Economies

Measures of Central Bank Autonomy : Empirical Evidence for OECD, Developing, and Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2006/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-François Segalotto , Marco Arnone , and Bernard Laurens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864885.001

ISBN: 9781451864885

Keywords: political autonomy, economic autonomy, central bank, monetary stability, public debt,

This paper presents an update of the Grilli-Masciandaro-Tabellini (GMT) index of central bank (CB) autonomy, based on CB legislation as of end-2003. The index is applied to a set of OECD and developing countries, a...

Central Bank Governance
			: A Survey of Boards and Management

Central Bank Governance : A Survey of Boards and Management »

Volume/Issue: 2004/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JoAnne Morris , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875416.001

ISBN: 9781451875416

Keywords: central bank, inflation, reserve bank, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

This paper identifies issues to consider when designing the structure, size, and composition of the governing boards and management of a central bank. While central bank autonomy and accountability are generally ac...

Inflation Targeting Lite

Inflation Targeting Lite »

Volume/Issue: 2003/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842920.001

ISBN: 9781451842920

Keywords: Monetary policy framework, central bank, inflation, inflation target,

Inflation targeting lite (ITL) countries float their exchange rate and announce an inflation target, but are not able to maintain the inflation target as the foremost policy objective. This paper identifies 19 emer...

Philippines
			: Preparations for Inflation Targeting

Philippines : Preparations for Inflation Targeting »

Volume/Issue: 2001/99

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Piyabha Kongsamut

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852271.001

ISBN: 9781451852271

Keywords: inflation targeting, inflation modeling, inflation, inflation target, central bank, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models, Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles: Forecasting and Simulation, Targeting,

The Philippines is planning to shift toward adoption of an inflation targeting framework in 2001. This paper reviews key policy issues in this context, describes various operational and technical preparations, and...

Preliminary Considerations of an Inflation Targeting Framework for the Philippines

Preliminary Considerations of an Inflation Targeting Framework for the Philippines »

Volume/Issue: 1998/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): G. Lim , and Guy Debelle

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845808.001

ISBN: 9781451845808

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, central bank, inflation target, inflation targeting

Monetary policy in the Philippines has had multiple objectives. Moreover, shifts in money demand and the money multiplier have made base money a less reliable anchor for monetary policy. Hence, on present policies,...

Monetary Impact of a Banking Crisis and the Conduct of Monetary Policy

Monetary Impact of a Banking Crisis and the Conduct of Monetary Policy »

Volume/Issue: 1997/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alicia García-Herrero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854688.001

ISBN: 9781451854688

Keywords: banking, banking crisis, inflation, banking system, central bank

The experiences of seven countries that have undergone banking crises show that crises have significant implications for the short-run stability of the demand for money, the money multiplier, the transmission mecha...

Transformation of Markets and Policy Instruments for Open Market Operations

Transformation of Markets and Policy Instruments for Open Market Operations »

Volume/Issue: 1995/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Axilrod

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856590.001

ISBN: 9781451856590

Keywords: central bank, open market operations, monetary policy, government securities, money market

As developing countries and economies in transition have relied on deregulated, competitive markets to spur growth, their central banks have shifted toward using open market operations as a tool of monetary policy....

Government Securities Versus Central Bank Securities in Developing Open Market Operations
			: Evaluation and Need for Coordinating Arrangements

Government Securities Versus Central Bank Securities in Developing Open Market Operations : Evaluation and Need for Coordinating Arrangements »

Volume/Issue: 1994/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848229.001

ISBN: 9781451848229

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, government securities, debt management, monetary management

In an indirect monetary policy framework, open market operations become the central bank’s main instrument. In the initial stages, when financial markets are still undeveloped, selection of a financial instr...

Market-Based Systems of Monetary Control in Developing Countries
			: Operating Procedures and Related Issues

Market-Based Systems of Monetary Control in Developing Countries : Operating Procedures and Related Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1991/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chorng-Huey Wong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845877.001

ISBN: 9781451845877

Keywords: central bank, financial reform, monetary policy, monetary control

This paper reviews issues in the development of a market-based system of monetary control in developing countries. It focuses on the appropriate sequencing of financial reform that would facilitate the transition t...

Monetary Control Procedures and Financial Reform
			: Approaches, Issues, and Recent Experiences in Developing Countries

Monetary Control Procedures and Financial Reform : Approaches, Issues, and Recent Experiences in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1989/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972160.001

ISBN: 9781451972160

Keywords: central bank, monetary control, money market, monetary policy, monetary aggregates

Many countries have initiated reforms in their monetary control procedures by relaxing direct controls and increasing the role of market processes. The changed approach is often inevitable when countries reform the...