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The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754899.084

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

This paper examines the experience of implementing indirect instruments of monetary policy. The experiences of country studies illustrate the variety of circumstances under which indirect instruments of monetary po...

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries »

Source: Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries

Volume/Issue: 2004/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Olaf Unteroberdoerster

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451972870

Keywords: Cambodia, Vietnam, Banking reform, transition economics, Lao P.D.R., banking system, recapitalization, transition economies, loan classification, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation

This paper reviews recent banking reform efforts in the lower Mekong countries (LMCs), comprising Cambodia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Vietnam. Linked by close economic and cultural ties, the three L...

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Cambodia : Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475566451

Keywords: Article IV consultations, Cambodia, Bank supervision, Economic growth, Debt sustainability analysis, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Global competitiveness, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

This Debt Sustainability Analysis update highlights Cambodia's continued low debt distress rating: all debt burden indicators are projected to remain below the respective thresholds. The authorities have made progr...

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis 1

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis 1 »

Source: Cambodia : Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475566451

Keywords: Article IV consultations, Cambodia, Bank supervision, Economic growth, Debt sustainability analysis, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Global competitiveness, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

This Debt Sustainability Analysis update highlights Cambodia's continued low debt distress rating: all debt burden indicators are projected to remain below the respective thresholds. The authorities have made progr...

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Cambodia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Cambodia : Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2014

ISBN: 9781475566451

Keywords: Article IV consultations, Cambodia, Bank supervision, Economic growth, Debt sustainability analysis, Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Global competitiveness, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy

This Debt Sustainability Analysis update highlights Cambodia's continued low debt distress rating: all debt burden indicators are projected to remain below the respective thresholds. The authorities have made progr...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

In the late 1970s, industrial countries began phasing out the direct instruments some of them used to operate monetary policy—including credit controls, interest rate ceilings, and sometimes directed credits...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Part II provides additional details on selected countries’ experiences with the introduction of indirect instruments. It consists of seven case studies (Chile, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, New Zealand, a...

II Chile

II Chile »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

The transition to indirect instruments of monetary policy in Chile started as early as 1974, as part of a broad package of economic liberalization measures. The most important reforms in the monetary policy...

II Direct and Indirect Monetary Instruments

II Direct and Indirect Monetary Instruments »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Modes of Operation In implementing monetary policy, a central bank can act in two ways: directly through its regulatory powers, or indirectly through its influence on money market co...

III Egypt

III Egypt »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Egypt’s transition to indirect instruments of monetary policy has two salient elements: pervasive distortions in the economy at the outset of the transition and a drastic improvement in expectations about th...