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Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform

Appendix B. Assessing the Environmental and Health Impacts of Energy Subsidy Reform »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the methodologies used to provide calculations of the impact of energy subsidy reform on CO2 emissions, SO2 emissions, and other local pollutants. Here we consider a scenario in which...

Appendix 3 Examining the Short-Term Impact of Reducing Price Subsidies on Real Household Incomes: An Illustration

Appendix 3 Examining the Short-Term Impact of Reducing Price Subsidies on Real Household Incomes: An Illustration »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

42. This appendix provides two competing pragmatic approaches to estimating the impact of price-subsidy reform on households in the short term....

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution

APPENDIX I Incidence Analyses and Income Redistribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Most studies of the income distributional effects of public policy fall within the category of “incidence analyses” of taxation and expenditure. They either analyze the effects of particular measures or, if...

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy

APPENDIX II Some Empirical Evidence on Price and Subsidy Policy »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Empirical information concerning the direct effect of price and subsidy policy on income distribution is scarce and of questionable quality. In addition, existing studies do not cover a sufficient range of c...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

Appendix 1 List of Examined Countries14

Appendix 1 List of Examined Countries14 »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

Sub-Saharan Africa: Mauritius (1992–95)*...

Appendix 2 The Nature of Price Subsidies

Appendix 2 The Nature of Price Subsidies »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

36. A price subsidy reduces the consumer price of a good or service below what it would be in the absence of the subsidy (consumer subsidy) or increases the price received by a prod...

Caucasus and Central Asia

Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

Sources: IMF, Regional Economic Outlook database; and Microsoft Map Land. Note: The country names and borders on this map do not necessarily reflect the IMF’s official p...

4. Caucasus and Central Asia: Sustaining the Recovery

4. Caucasus and Central Asia: Sustaining the Recovery »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2011, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616350642

Keywords: oil importers, oil exporters, oil and gas, subsidies, oil prices

The sharper-than-envisaged rebound in the CCA in 2010 was led by commodity exports and public investment. To sustain and broaden this recovery, policies will have to confront three short-term ch...