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Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' »

Source: Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' : Challenges for Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 1997/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451856309

Keywords: aging, Asia, demographics, health, medical care, pension, medical insurance, labor force, pension schemes

The paper assesses the government expenditure effects from changing demographics in the Asian “Tiger” economies through 2050. With some exceptions, their limited social insurance commitments initially...

Appendix I Pension Arrangements in an Overlapping-Generations Model

Appendix I Pension Arrangements in an Overlapping-Generations Model »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

This appendix uses an overlapping-generations model to look at the impact of introducing funded and unfunded social security systems, and of replacing an unfunded system with a funded one. The analysis follo...

Appendix II Notes on the Empirical Literature on Pensions and Saving

Appendix II Notes on the Empirical Literature on Pensions and Saving »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

Given the theoretical ambiguity of the precise relationship between pensions and saving, the various statistical techniques that have been used to analyze it, and the diversity in actual pension systems and...

Appendix III Brief Notes on the Pension Regimes of Selected Countries

Appendix III Brief Notes on the Pension Regimes of Selected Countries »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

Private Plans in Selected Industrial Countries Japan Private retirement plans in Japan are either lump-sum severance payment plans or pension plans tha...

I Introduction and Summary

I Introduction and Summary »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

Public pension reform arouses great interest virtually everywhere. In the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), it is generally accepted that most existing pension regimes may be fina...

II Pension Regimes and Saving—A Framework for Analysis

II Pension Regimes and Saving—A Framework for Analysis »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

How a pension regime affects saving depends crucially on its basic design (Box 1; Table 1), as well as on the forces and influences that motivate saving by individuals. 3 The life...

III Public Pension Plans, Their Reform, and Saving

III Public Pension Plans, Their Reform, and Saving »

Source: Pension Regimes and Saving

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alfredo Cuevas , George Mackenzie , and Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756404

Keywords: pension, retirement, benefits, pensions, pension plans

This section describes how public pension plans could be expected, on a priori grounds, to affect saving. It uses the LCH only as a starting point and acknowledges the implications of imperfect capital marke...

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'
			: Challenges for Fiscal Policy

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' : Challenges for Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 1997/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856309.001

ISBN: 9781451856309

Keywords: aging, Asia, demographics, health, medical care, pension, medical insurance, labor force, pension schemes

The paper assesses the government expenditure effects from changing demographics in the Asian “Tiger” economies through 2050. With some exceptions, their limited social insurance commitments initially...

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds
			: A Shifting Paradigm

Investment Objectives of Sovereign Wealth Funds : A Shifting Paradigm »

Volume/Issue: 2011/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iva Petrova , Jukka Pihlman , Peter Kunzel , and Yinqiu Lu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211968.001

ISBN: 9781455211968

Keywords: Portfolio Choice, Investment and Risk Management, Government Policy and Regulation, pension, pension reserve, investment objectives, pension fund, risk management, International Finance: General, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation,

While SWF investment objectives to some extent reflect inherent characteristics, notable differences in strategic asset allocation (SAA) exist even amongst SWFs of similar types. Even so, this paper shows that the...

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population?

Is Asia Prepared for an Aging Population? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865325.001

ISBN: 9781451865325

Keywords: retirement, health care, pension, health insurance, medical care, Analysis of Health Care Markets, Health Production, Economic History: Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education

Many Asian countries (such as China, Singapore, Korea, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, India, and the Philippines) will experience a significant aging of their populations during the next several decades. This paper...