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The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754899.084

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

This paper examines the experience of implementing indirect instruments of monetary policy. The experiences of country studies illustrate the variety of circumstances under which indirect instruments of monetary po...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

In the late 1970s, industrial countries began phasing out the direct instruments some of them used to operate monetary policy—including credit controls, interest rate ceilings, and sometimes directed credits...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Part II provides additional details on selected countries’ experiences with the introduction of indirect instruments. It consists of seven case studies (Chile, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, New Zealand, a...

II Chile

II Chile »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

The transition to indirect instruments of monetary policy in Chile started as early as 1974, as part of a broad package of economic liberalization measures. The most important reforms in the monetary policy...

II Direct and Indirect Monetary Instruments

II Direct and Indirect Monetary Instruments »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Modes of Operation In implementing monetary policy, a central bank can act in two ways: directly through its regulatory powers, or indirectly through its influence on money market co...

III Egypt

III Egypt »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Egypt’s transition to indirect instruments of monetary policy has two salient elements: pervasive distortions in the economy at the outset of the transition and a drastic improvement in expectations about th...

III Issues in the Reform of Monetary Instruments

III Issues in the Reform of Monetary Instruments »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Monetary policy is a major component of economic policy in market economies and an important part of IMF-supported adjustment programs. The central bank in most countries is assigned the primary responsibili...

The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization

The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization »

Source: The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization

Volume/Issue: 1999/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Savastano , and Michael Mussa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

ISBN: 9781451852745

Keywords: IMF-supported programs, quantitative approach, monetary fund, monetary policy, balance of payments, central bank, external financing

This paper explains the IMF approach to economic stabilization. It argues that a Fund-supported program is a process, comprising six broadly defined phases, that evolves along a multiplicity of potential pathways....

The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization

The IMF Approach to Economic Stabilization »

Volume/Issue: 1999/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Savastano , and Michael Mussa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852745.001

ISBN: 9781451852745

Keywords: IMF-supported programs, quantitative approach, monetary fund, monetary policy, balance of payments, central bank, external financing

This paper explains the IMF approach to economic stabilization. It argues that a Fund-supported program is a process, comprising six broadly defined phases, that evolves along a multiplicity of potential pathways....

Transformation of Markets and Policy Instruments for Open Market Operations

Transformation of Markets and Policy Instruments for Open Market Operations »

Volume/Issue: 1995/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Axilrod

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856590.001

ISBN: 9781451856590

Keywords: central bank, open market operations, monetary policy, government securities, money market

As developing countries and economies in transition have relied on deregulated, competitive markets to spur growth, their central banks have shifted toward using open market operations as a tool of monetary policy....