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Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068728.044

ISBN: 9781589068728

Keywords: liabilities, debt, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, equity securities, money market, money market instruments, debt securities, bonds

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A number of countries used direct methods of monetary control and, in particular, bank-specific credit ceilings to control monetary and credit aggregates by allocating credit directly among fina...

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates

Budget Deficits and Interest Rates »

Source: Budget Deficits and Interest Rates : A Fresh Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and David Hauner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

ISBN: 9781451869040

Keywords: system GMM, inflation, budget deficit, money supply,

We extend the literature on budget deficits and interest rates in three ways: we examine both advanced and emerging economies and for the first time a large emerging market panel; explore interactions to explain so...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Collateral Damage

Collateral Damage »

Source: Collateral Damage : Exchange Controls and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2007/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zhiwei Zhang , and Shang-Jin Wei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865721

Keywords: non-tariff barriers, exchange controls, foreign exchange, tariff barriers, International Factor Movements And International Business,

While new conventional wisdom warns that developing countries should be aware of the risks of premature capital account liberalization, the costs of not removing exchange controls have received much less attention....

Conference on Social Issues: New Approach Should Explore Human Dimensions of Asian Economic Crisis

Conference on Social Issues: New Approach Should Explore Human Dimensions of Asian Economic Crisis »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 28, Issue 03

Volume/Issue: 28/3

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451936155

Keywords: international monetary fund, IMF Quota Increase,

On January 22, the IMF announced that more than 85 percent of its members had consented to an increase in the IMF’s quotas. The text of Press Release No. 99/4, issued on January 22, follows....

Crisis Prevention and Crisis Management

Crisis Prevention and Crisis Management »

Source: Crisis Prevention and Crisis Management : The Role of Regulatory Governance

Volume/Issue: 2002/163

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Udaibir Das , and Marc Quintyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451857948

Keywords: Regulatory governance, financial sector supervision, agency independence, accountability, integrity, financial sector crisis management, banking, payment systems, banking supervision, banking supervisors

Good regulatory governance in the financial system is a critical component of financial stability. Research on the topic has not been very systematic and deep. This paper first defines four key components of regula...

Emerging Market Bond Spreads and Sovereign Credit Ratings

Emerging Market Bond Spreads and Sovereign Credit Ratings »

Source: Emerging Market Bond Spreads and Sovereign Credit Ratings : Reconciling Market Views with Economic Fundamentals

Volume/Issue: 2001/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Amadou Sy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451858051

Keywords: Bond spreads, monitoring, risk appetite, bond, bonds, emerging market bond, market bond, Financial Institutions and Services: General,

This paper uses a panel data estimation of a simple univariate model of sovereign spreads on ratings to analyze statistically significant deviations from the estimated relationship. We find evidence of an asymmetri...

Financial Infrastructure, Group Interests, and Capital Accumulation

Financial Infrastructure, Group Interests, and Capital Accumulation »

Source: Financial Infrastructure, Group Interests, and Capital Accumulation : Theory, Evidence, and Policy

Volume/Issue: 2003/24

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Biaggio Bossone , Sandeep Mahajan , and Farah Zahir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451844160

Keywords: Nonbank financial intermediation, Group interest, Information, Knowledge, Transaction costs, banking, banking sector, financial markets, financial sector, transaction cost

This study presents a theory of financial infrastructure - or the set of rules, institutions, and systems within which agents carry out financial transactions. It investigates the effects of financial infrastructur...

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Volume/Issue: 2006/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

ISBN: 9781451862768

Keywords: spreads, bond, bonds, fiscal adjustment, fiscal adjustments, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

This paper introduces fiscal policy in a model of sovereign risk spreads ("spreads"). Using panel data from emerging market countries, we find that reductions in public expenditure are a more powerful tool for redu...