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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The External Wealth of Nations

The External Wealth of Nations »

Source: The External Wealth of Nations : Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1999/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451853841

Keywords: foreign assets, external debt, foreign direct investment, equity flows, debt, liabilities, fdi

Capital flows are closely monitored, but surprisingly little is known about the stocks of external assets and liabilities held by countries, especially in the developing world. This paper constructs estimates of fo...

The External Wealth of Nations
			: Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries

The External Wealth of Nations : Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1999/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853841.001

ISBN: 9781451853841

Keywords: foreign assets, external debt, foreign direct investment, equity flows, debt, liabilities, fdi

Capital flows are closely monitored, but surprisingly little is known about the stocks of external assets and liabilities held by countries, especially in the developing world. This paper constructs estimates of fo...