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Aging in the Asian 'Tigers'

Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' »

Source: Aging in the Asian 'Tigers' : Challenges for Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 1997/143

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451856309

Keywords: aging, Asia, demographics, health, medical care, pension, medical insurance, labor force, pension schemes

The paper assesses the government expenditure effects from changing demographics in the Asian “Tiger” economies through 2050. With some exceptions, their limited social insurance commitments initially...

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America? »

Source: Are Business Cycles Different in Asia and Latin America?

Volume/Issue: 1997/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Hoffmaister , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451927313

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, terms of trade, exchange rate fluctuations, nominal exchange rate

This paper compares business cycles in Asia and in Latin America using structural vector autoregression analysis with panel data. The evidence for countries in these regions suggests that (i) the main source of out...

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High? »

Source: Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Volume/Issue: 2008/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Milan Zavadjil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

ISBN: 9781451870503

Keywords: external liabilities, short-term debt, reserve accumulation

Empirical analysis does not suggest that reserves are "too high" in the majority of Asian countries, though China may be a special case. Much of the reserve increase in Asia can be explained by an optimal insurance...

Asia Rising

Asia Rising »

Source: Asia Rising : A Sectoral Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2007/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451866940

Keywords: Growth, productivity growth, employment, agricultural employment, employment share, total employment,

This paper undertakes a cross-country analysis of productivity growth at both the aggregate and sectoral level. It finds that Asia's remarkable output growth over the past 40 years reflected both high investment, a...

Asia’s Quest for Inclusive Growth Revisited

Asia’s Quest for Inclusive Growth Revisited »

Source: Asia's Quest for Inclusive Growth Revisited

Volume/Issue: 2015/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chie Aoyagi , and Giovanni Ganelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2015

ISBN: 9781498340144

Keywords: inequality, growth, poverty, gini index, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Despite the rapid economic growth and poverty reduction, inequality in Asia worsened during last two decades. We focus on the determinants of growth inclusiveness and suggest options for reform. A cross cross-count...

Asia’s Stock Markets: Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons?

Asia’s Stock Markets: Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons? »

Source: Asia's Stock Markets : Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons?

Volume/Issue: 2014/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Lipinsky , and Li Lian Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2014

ISBN: 9781484320143

Keywords: arbitrage pricing theory, Asian financial crisis, fundamentals, global financial crisis, idiosyncratic factors, integration, IOSCO, securities regulation, stock market, stock pricing

Stock markets play a key role in corporate financing in Asia. However, despite their increasing importance in terms of size and cross-border investment activity, the region's markets are reputed to be more 'idiosyn...

Asian Financial Integration

Asian Financial Integration »

Source: Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Source: Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Source: Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings »

Source: Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings : The Recent Experience of Emerging Markets and Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 2007/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sunil Sharma , Woon Choi , and Maria Strömqvist

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867152

Keywords: sovereign liquidity, stockpiling motive, panel data, net capital flows, net capital, capital markets,

This paper examines the interaction between capital flows and international reserve holdings in the context of increasing financial integration. For emerging markets the sensitivity of reserves to net capital flows...