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I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Le cadre de viabilité de la dette appliqué aux pays à faible revenu

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Christian Beddies , Marie-Helene Le Manchec , and Bergljot Barkbu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2009

Language: French

ISBN: 9781589068117

Keywords: debt sustainability, public debt, debt service, debt relief, domestic debt, debt-service, current account, debt burden, debt dynamics, debt ratio

L’emprunt, qui peut permettre d’atteindre des objectifs sociaux et économiques, a pour conséquence l’endettement. Or, nombre de pays à faible revenu (PFR) ont besoin d’un financement extérieur c...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

In the late 1970s, industrial countries began phasing out the direct instruments some of them used to operate monetary policy—including credit controls, interest rate ceilings, and sometimes directed credits...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

Part II provides additional details on selected countries’ experiences with the introduction of indirect instruments. It consists of seven case studies (Chile, Egypt, Ghana, Indonesia, Mexico, New Zealand, a...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Capital Account Convertibility : Review of Experience and Implications for IMF Policies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Owen Evens , and Peter Quirk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557755247

Keywords: capital movements, capital account, capital account liberalization, capital inflows, capital controls

Issues relating to the movement of capital among countries have become central to the IMF’s role, as embodied in its Articles of Agreement, in the international monetary system. During the last biennial revi...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Thailand : Adjusting to Success: Current Policy Issues

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Robinson , Ranjit Teja , Yangho Byeon , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752215

Keywords: bank of thailand, foreign direct investment, direct investment, expenditure, financial institutions

Thailand’s economic performance over the past several decades is an excellent example of successful development, combining adjustment with growth. The achievements of the 1980s continue this record. Early in...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Managing Financial Risks in indebted Developing Countries : Occa Paper No.65

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557751164

Keywords: hedging, futures contracts, hedge, futures contract, futures markets

In 1979 the European Monetary System (EMS) was established to create a “zone of monetary stability” within the European Community (EC). This zone of stability was to be achieved by means of close monetary co...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

In recent decades many countries have dismantled trade barriers and opened their economies to international competition. Trade liberalization is seen to promote econ...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Singapore : A Case Study in Rapid Development

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kenneth Bercuson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781557754639

Keywords: private consumption, wage, gnp, tfp, national saving

Since attaining independence in 1965, Singapore has experienced exceptionally rapid growth, low inflation, and a healthy balance of payments (Chart 1-1). Over the past 30 years, real GDP per capita has grown...

I. Introduction

I. Introduction »

Source: Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Kahn , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

ISBN: 9781557753502

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign exchange, capital outflows, current account

In recent years, many countries have experienced surges in net capital inflows. These inflows eased external financing constraints and held the potential for higher investment and growth. Often, however, the...

I Introduction

I Introduction »

Source: Capital Flows in the APEC Region

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

ISBN: 9781557754660

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, bond, bonds, bond issues

The developing economies of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Council (APEC) have been the recipients of a considerable volume of capital inflows in the 1990s. 1 For example,...