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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises : Indonesia, Korea, Brazil

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): Kevin Barnes , Ali Mansoor , Benjamin Cohen , and Shinji Takagi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589061880

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, banking sector, banking system

This report evaluates the role of the IMF in three capital account crises, in Indonesia (1997-98), Korea (1997-98), and Brazil (1998-99), and the lessons to be drawn from the experience. It also recommends steps ai...

Use of migrants’ remittances in labor-exporting countries: Comprehensive policies are needed to maximize the benefits of such remittances for growth and development

Use of migrants’ remittances in labor-exporting countries: Comprehensive policies are needed to maximize the benefits of such remittances for growth and development »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1980

Volume/Issue: 17/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1980

ISBN: 9781616353414

Keywords: bank, finance, banking, development banking, projects

This paper highlights that in a shift of policy, the World Bank decided to finance directly health projects in developing countries. Under its old policy, formulated in 1974, health components providing basic healt...

V Conclusions and Recommendations

V Conclusions and Recommendations »

Source: External Evaluation of IMF Surveillance

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1999

ISBN: 9781557758637

Keywords: capital flows, exchange rate, capital inflows, financial sector, multilateral surveillance

1. As can be seen in the preceding chapters, the team reviewed a wide range of surveillance issues with a wide variety of parties—as called for under its terms of reference. Corresp...

V. The Impact of Government Expenditure on Income Distribution

V. The Impact of Government Expenditure on Income Distribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Redistribution of income and wealth can occur not only through taxation but also through government expenditure, which can be categorized in economic or functional terms. The more traditional focus is on an...

VI. Policies Regarding Subsidies and State Enterprises and Their Relationship to the Pricing System

VI. Policies Regarding Subsidies and State Enterprises and Their Relationship to the Pricing System »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Subsidies and Transfers As described in Section II, the typical country undertaking a Fund-supported program subsidizes selected goods and services. These open-ended demands on gover...

Views & comments: de Larosière on adjustment of national policies; William Clark on the World Bank’s work

Views & comments: de Larosière on adjustment of national policies; William Clark on the World Bank’s work »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1980

Volume/Issue: 17/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1980

ISBN: 9781616353414

Keywords: bank, finance, banking, development banking, projects

This paper highlights that in a shift of policy, the World Bank decided to finance directly health projects in developing countries. Under its old policy, formulated in 1974, health components providing basic healt...

VII. Debt Financing and Distribution

VII. Debt Financing and Distribution »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Fund-supported programs (86 programs) nearly always look for a reduction of the budget deficit as a percentage of GDP, which in turn is usually associated with limits on the raising of new external public de...

VIII. Lessons from the Review

VIII. Lessons from the Review »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

At the start, attention was drawn to the fact that Fund-supported programs involve changes in the relative prices in both goods and factor markets. These are bound to affect the distribution of income betwee...