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Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and  Central Asia

Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia »

Source: Remittances Channel and Fiscal Impact in the Middle East, North Africa, and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2012/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yasser Abdih , Ralph Chami , Christian Ebeke , and Adolfo Barajas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2012

ISBN: 9781475502947

Keywords: Instrumental variables, Panel data, remittance, tax revenue, fiscal impact, Macroeconomics: Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment: General (includes Measurement and Data)

This paper identifies a remittances channel that transmits exogenous shocks, such as business cycles in remittance-sending countries, to the public finances of remittance-receiving countries. Using panel data for r...

“Reserve Requirements on Bank Deposits as Implicit Taxes: A Case Study of Italy”

“Reserve Requirements on Bank Deposits as Implicit Taxes: A Case Study of Italy” »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/1 - WP/92/47)

Volume/Issue: 1992/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451966480

Keywords: foreign currency, currency substitution, exchange rate, rational expectations

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Rethinking Financial Deepening

Rethinking Financial Deepening »

Source: Rethinking Financial Deepening : Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

ISBN: 9781498312615

Keywords: Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial stability, financial development, financial deepening, financial inclusion, finance, General, Government Policy and Regulation, Estabilidad financiera; Crecimiento económico; Desarrollo del mercado de capitales; Acceso a los mercados de capitales; Mercados emergentes

The global financial crisis experience shone a spotlight on the dangers of financial systems that have grown too big too fast. This note reexamines financial deepening, focusing on what emerging markets can learn f...

Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758132.084

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

The apparent contradiction between trade liberalization and continuing high trade tax revenue raises the important question of how, precisely, the one affects the other. Although policymakers generally recognize th...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

The apparent contradiction between trade liberalization and continuing high trade tax revenue raises the important question of how, precisely, the one affects the other. Although policymakers generally recognize th...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

The apparent contradiction between trade liberalization and continuing high trade tax revenue raises the important question of how, precisely, the one affects the other. Although policymakers generally recognize th...

Simple Analytics

Simple Analytics »

Source: Simple Analytics : Debt-Equity Swaps and Debt forgiveness

Volume/Issue: 1988/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 1988

ISBN: 9781451980165

Keywords: debt, debt forgiveness, creditor, debt-equity, creditors

This paper is concerned with debt-equity swaps in which foreign residents are a party to the exchange (i.e., it does not deal with flight capital), and with debt forgiveness. The seemingly unrelated issues of debt-...

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility »

Source: Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2015/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , Richard Harris , and Fatih Yilmaz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

ISBN: 9781475530520

Keywords: Exchange rate volatility, exchange, exchange rate, volatility, exchange rates, trade, Time-Series Models, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Standard models-based exclusively on macro-financial variables-have made little progress in explaining the behavior of exchange rates. In this paper, we introduce a neglected set of 'soft power' factors capturing...

“Sovereign Debt Relief Schemes and Welfare”

“Sovereign Debt Relief Schemes and Welfare” »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/1 - WP/92/47)

Volume/Issue: 1992/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451966480

Keywords: foreign currency, currency substitution, exchange rate, rational expectations

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...