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Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets

Fiscal Policy and Financial Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2006/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernardin Akitoby , and Thomas Stratmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862768.001

ISBN: 9781451862768

Keywords: spreads, bond, bonds, fiscal adjustment, fiscal adjustments, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Other,

This paper introduces fiscal policy in a model of sovereign risk spreads ("spreads"). Using panel data from emerging market countries, we find that reductions in public expenditure are a more powerful tool for redu...

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries

Fiscal Stimulus and Credibility in Emerging Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455200825.001

ISBN: 9781455200825

Keywords: credibility, effectiveness, cyclicality, fiscal impulse, exchange rate, fiscal expansion, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Across a sample of thirty four emerging countries, the evidence shows the frequent existence of a pro-cyclical fiscal impulse. However, the scope for countercyclical policy increases with the availability of intern...

Global Poverty Estimates
			: A Sensitivity Analysis

Global Poverty Estimates : A Sensitivity Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2011/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Camelia Minoiu , and Shatakshee Dhongde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463922009.001

ISBN: 9781463922009

Keywords: global poverty, household surveys, international poverty line, poverty line, surveys, statistics, Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions

Current estimates of global poverty vary substantially across studies. In this paper we undertake a novel sensitivity analysis to highlight the importance of methodological choices in estimating global poverty. We...

Growth Forecast Errors and  Fiscal Multipliers

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers »

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475576443.001

ISBN: 9781475576443

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal consolidation, fiscal multipliers, growth forecast, fiscal balance, General, General, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits

This paper investigates the relation between growth forecast errors and planned fiscal consolidation during the crisis. We find that, in advanced economies, stronger planned fiscal consolidation has been associated...

How Does Public External Debt Affect Corporate Borrowing Costs In Emerging Markets?

How Does Public External Debt Affect Corporate Borrowing Costs In Emerging Markets? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/266

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oya Celasun , and Senay Agca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874112.001

ISBN: 9781451874112

Keywords: syndicated loans, yield spreads, creditor rights, public external debt, bond, external public debt,

Using data on syndicated loan issuances by emerging market firms, we find that an increase in the external debt of emerging market governments significantly raises the borrowing costs of the domestic corporate sect...

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution
			: The Cross-Country Evidence

How Macroeconomic Factors Affect Income Distribution : The Cross-Country Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 1997/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Sarel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922714.001

ISBN: 9781451922714

Keywords: income distribution, macroeconomic factors, terms of trade, external position, income distribution data, distribution of income

This study develops a cross-section empirical framework to examine the relationship between the macroeconomic environment and trends in income distribution. The macroeconomic variables that are found to be associat...

IMF Data Standards Initiatives
			: A Consultative Approach To Enhancing Global Data Transparency

IMF Data Standards Initiatives : A Consultative Approach To Enhancing Global Data Transparency »

Volume/Issue: 2006/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne Kester

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863628.001

ISBN: 9781451863628

Keywords: data standards, Dissemination Standards Bulletin Board, international standards, sdds, standards, internet, International Economics: General, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Corporate Finance And Governance,

Since the IMF launched the data standards initiatives a decade ago, 145 of its 184 member countries have participated. This 80 percent participation rate reaffirms the importance countries place on data transparenc...

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries

Income Distribution and Tax and Government Social Spending Policies in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2000/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ke-young Chu , Hamid Davoodi , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848281.001

ISBN: 9781451848281

Keywords: tax incidence, government social spending, household income, direct taxes, indirect taxes

This paper reviews income distribution in developing (and transition) countries in recent decades. On average, before-tax income distribution in developing countries is less unequal than in industrial countries. Ho...

Is Transparency Good for You, and Can the IMF Help?

Is Transparency Good for You, and Can the IMF Help? »

Volume/Issue: 2003/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongseok Shin , and Rachel Glennerster

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855401.001

ISBN: 9781451855401

Keywords: publication, institutions, sovereign spreads, SDDS, ROSC, GARCH, news effect, role of the IMF, credit ratings, borrowing costs

This paper finds that reforms introduced by the IMF to promote transparency have created more informed markets and reduced borrowing costs for those emerging market countries that volunteered for them. Using a quar...

Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor

Public Spending on Health Care and the Poor »

Volume/Issue: 2001/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marijn Verhoeven , Sanjeev Gupta , and Erwin Tiongson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854985.001

ISBN: 9781451854985

Keywords: public spending, child mortality, mortality rate, mortality rates, health status, births, Health Production, Welfare and Poverty: General,

This paper estimates the impact of public spending on the poor's health status in over 70 countries. It provides evidence that the poor have significantly worse health status than the rich and that they are more fa...