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Expected Devaluation and Economic Fundamentals

Expected Devaluation and Economic Fundamentals »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 41 No. 2

Volume: 41

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451947168

Keywords: commodity prices, commodity, commodity price, industrial countries, primary commodity

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s. The appropriate policy response...

Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia

Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia »

Source: Export Credit Agencies, Trade Finance and South East Asia

Volume/Issue: 1998/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Malcolm Stephens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451976403

Keywords: Export credit agencies, trade finance, South East Asian countries, export credit, exporters, international financial, international financial institutions

This paper looks at the causes of the reduction in trade finance in South East Asian countries post-1997, with a particular focus on the role of export credit agencies. It concludes that while such agencies did not...

Export Instability and the External Balance in Developing Countries

Export Instability and the External Balance in Developing Countries »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 41 No. 2

Volume: 41

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451947168

Keywords: commodity prices, commodity, commodity price, industrial countries, primary commodity

Primary commodities still account for the bulk of exports in many developing countries. However, real commodity prices have been declining almost continuously since the early 1980s. The appropriate policy response...

External Balance in Low Income Countries

External Balance in Low Income Countries »

Source: External Balance in Low Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2009/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873689

Keywords: real exchange rate, net foreign assets, exchange rate, capital account liberalization, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper offers a coherent empirical analysis of the determinants of the real exchange rate, the current account, and the net foreign assets position in low income countries. The paper focuses on indicators speci...

The External Wealth of Nations

The External Wealth of Nations »

Source: The External Wealth of Nations : Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1999/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451853841

Keywords: foreign assets, external debt, foreign direct investment, equity flows, debt, liabilities, fdi

Capital flows are closely monitored, but surprisingly little is known about the stocks of external assets and liabilities held by countries, especially in the developing world. This paper constructs estimates of fo...

Financial Integration, Growth, and Volatility

Financial Integration, Growth, and Volatility »

Source: Financial Integration, Growth, and Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2005/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne Epaulard , and Aude Pommeret

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

ISBN: 9781451860863

Keywords: Risk-sharing, Endogenous Growth, Stochastic Growth, global financial markets, financial markets, foreign assets, General Aggregative Models: Neoclassical, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the welfare gains from financial integration for developing and emerging market economies. To do so, we build a stochastic endogenous growth model for a small open economy that...

Financial Market Volatility

Financial Market Volatility »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 38 No. 3

Volume: 38

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451973136

Keywords: current account, real exchange, real exchange rate, exchange rate, trade liberalization

Trade liberalization in developing countries is frequently opposed on the grounds that, because it is likely to cause a deterioration in the external balance, it may not be a viable policy option for countries faci...

“Financial Markets and Public Finance in the Transformation Process”

“Financial Markets and Public Finance in the Transformation Process” »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/1 - WP/92/47)

Volume/Issue: 1992/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1992

ISBN: 9781451966480

Keywords: foreign currency, currency substitution, exchange rate, rational expectations

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Financial Sector Reforms and Monetary Policy*

Financial Sector Reforms and Monetary Policy* »

Source: Financial Sector Reforms and Monetary Policy

Volume/Issue: 1991/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1991

ISBN: 9781451854947

Keywords: financial sector, central bank, demand for money, financial liberalization

In recent years a number of countries have undertaken far-reaching reforms of their financial sectors. Generally speaking, financial sector reforms aim at achieving greater flexibility of interest rates, an enhance...

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...