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Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High?

Are Emerging Asia's Reserves Really Too High? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/192

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marta Ruiz-Arranz , and Milan Zavadjil

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870503.001

ISBN: 9781451870503

Keywords: external liabilities, short-term debt, reserve accumulation

Empirical analysis does not suggest that reserves are "too high" in the majority of Asian countries, though China may be a special case. Much of the reserve increase in Asia can be explained by an optimal insurance...

Asia Rising
			: A Sectoral Perspective

Asia Rising : A Sectoral Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2007/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866940.001

ISBN: 9781451866940

Keywords: Growth, productivity growth, employment, agricultural employment, employment share, total employment,

This paper undertakes a cross-country analysis of productivity growth at both the aggregate and sectoral level. It finds that Asia's remarkable output growth over the past 40 years reflected both high investment, a...

Asia's Quest for Inclusive Growth Revisited

Asia's Quest for Inclusive Growth Revisited »

Volume/Issue: 2015/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chie Aoyagi , and Giovanni Ganelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498340144.001

ISBN: 9781498340144

Keywords: inequality, growth, poverty, gini index, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Despite the rapid economic growth and poverty reduction, inequality in Asia worsened during last two decades. We focus on the determinants of growth inclusiveness and suggest options for reform. A cross cross-count...

Asia's Stock Markets
			: Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons?

Asia's Stock Markets : Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Lipinsky , and Li Lian Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320143.001

ISBN: 9781484320143

Keywords: arbitrage pricing theory, Asian financial crisis, fundamentals, global financial crisis, idiosyncratic factors, integration, IOSCO, securities regulation, stock market, stock pricing

Stock markets play a key role in corporate financing in Asia. However, despite their increasing importance in terms of size and cross-border investment activity, the region's markets are reputed to be more 'idiosyn...

Asian Financial Integration
			: Trends and Interruptions

Asian Financial Integration : Trends and Interruptions »

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455211821.001

ISBN: 9781455211821

Keywords: equity premium, gravity model, home bias, risk-sharing, herding, investors, bond, foreign investors, bonds, international investors

The paper compares trends in financial integration within Asia with those in industrialized countries and other regional groups. Declines in cross-country dispersion in equity returns and interest rates suggest inc...

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems?

Automatic Adjustment Mechanisms in Asian Pension Systems? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elif Arbatli , Csaba Feher , Jack Ree , Ikuo Saito , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560336.001

ISBN: 9781475560336

Keywords: Pensions, Pension reforms, Japan, Korea, Republic of, China, People's Republic of, China, Asia and Pacific, Asia, Retirement, Pension System Reform

Automatic adjustment mechanisms (AAMs)-rules ensuring that certain characteristics of a pension system respond to demographic, macroeconomic and financial developments, in a predetermined fashion and without the ne...

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows
			: How Does Asia Compare?

Bond Markets As Conduits for Capital Flows : How Does Asia Compare? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pipat Luengnaruemitchai , and Barry Eichengreen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864984.001

ISBN: 9781451864984

Keywords: cross-border investment, gravity model, bond, bonds, bond transactions, bond returns, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

We use data on the extent to which residents of one country hold the bonds of issuers resident in another as a measure of financial integration or interrelatedness, asking how Asia compares with Europe and Latin Am...

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective

Capital Flows and Demographics-An Asian Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2008/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erik Lueth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868708.001

ISBN: 9781451868708

Keywords: demographics, capital accounts, global capital flows, capital mobility, capital outflows,

This paper calibrates the production functions of 176 countries to fit 2003 data and examines the capital flows that emerge, when labor forces change according to the 2007 UN population projections. It finds that d...

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings
			: The Recent Experience of Emerging Markets and Advanced Economies

Capital Flows, Financial Integration, and International Reserve Holdings : The Recent Experience of Emerging Markets and Advanced Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2007/151

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sunil Sharma , Woon Choi , and Maria Strömqvist

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867152.001

ISBN: 9781451867152

Keywords: sovereign liquidity, stockpiling motive, panel data, net capital flows, net capital, capital markets,

This paper examines the interaction between capital flows and international reserve holdings in the context of increasing financial integration. For emerging markets the sensitivity of reserves to net capital flows...

Capital Flows, Financial Intermediation and Macroprudential Policies

Capital Flows, Financial Intermediation and Macroprudential Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2014/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Matteo Ghilardi , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498365659.001

ISBN: 9781498365659

Keywords: Financial Frictions, capital inflows, banking, bank capital, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper develops an open-economy DSGE model with an optimizing banking sector to assess the role of capital flows, macro-financial linkages, and macroprudential policies in emerging Asia. The key result is that...