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II Principles and Traditional Practices of Export Credit Agencies

II Principles and Traditional Practices of Export Credit Agencies »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

Objectives of the Agencies In broad terms, the agencies share the economic objectives of export promotion and maintenance of financial balance (i.e., the self-supporting principle) o...

III Analysis of Trade Liberalization and Revenue Developments

III Analysis of Trade Liberalization and Revenue Developments »

Source: Revenue Implications of Trade Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Reint Gropp , Liam Ebrill , and Janet Stotsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 1999

ISBN: 9781557758132

Keywords: trade liberalization, tariff rate, trade taxes, tariff rates, international trade

This section considers the interplay between trade liberalization and revenue from international trade taxes in recent decades. The intent is to review what has actually occurred, in order to ga...

III Dollarization in Cambodia

III Dollarization in Cambodia »

Source: Economic Policy in a Highly Dollarized Economy : The Case of Cambodia

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589061897

Keywords: Dollarization, national bank, inflation, foreign currency, currency board

The notion of dollarization emerged as a novel economic phenomenon in the 1980s in Latin America. Early discussions of this phenomenon in the literature revolved around that region’s experience with the incr...

III. Economic Developments and Adjustment, 1970–93

III. Economic Developments and Adjustment, 1970–93 »

Source: Thailand : The Road to Sustained Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , Kalpana Kochhar , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Jianping Zhou , Mauro Mecagni , and Balázs Horváth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756039

Keywords: private investment, wages, wage, fiscal policy, adjustment period

The analysis in this section focuses on the shocks of the late 1970s and 1980s. The section also provides an overview of Thailand’s economic policy responses to the shocks. Initial Cond...

III Non-Oil Developing Countries’ Export Growth and Real Income Growth

III Non-Oil Developing Countries’ Export Growth and Real Income Growth »

Source: Effects of Slowdown in Industrial Countries on Growth in Non-Oil Developing Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Morris Goldstein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 1982

ISBN: 9781557750624

Keywords: oil developing countries, exporters, export growth, oil exporters, oil exporting countries

This section focuses on the relationship between the export growth of non-oil developing countries and their economic growth rates. In brief, an attempt is made to identify the channels by which exports affe...

III Policies and Practices After Onset of Debt-Servicing Difficulties in 1982

III Policies and Practices After Onset of Debt-Servicing Difficulties in 1982 »

Source: Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

Repercussions of Recent Debt Difficulties There was a consensus among the agencies that the recent debt-servicing difficulties have seriously affected the agencies’ financial operati...

III. The Distributional Impacts of Indirect Tax and Public Pricing Reforms: A Review of Methods and Empirical Evidence16

III. The Distributional Impacts of Indirect Tax and Public Pricing Reforms: A Review of Methods and Empirical Evidence16 »

Source: Poverty and Social Impact Analysis by the IMF : Review of Methodology and Selected Evidence

Series: Books

Author(s): Robert Gillingham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2008

ISBN: 9781589066625

Keywords: trade liberalization, partial equilibrium, income distribution, subsidies, sales taxes

A. Introduction It is common for governments in developing countries to manipulate prices of goods and services using a range of policy instruments an...

Indonesia
			: Recent Economic Developments

Indonesia : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1997/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451818208.002

ISBN: 9781451818208

Keywords: exports of goods, manufactured exports, oil exports, balance of payments, export price

This paper reviews economic developments in Indonesia during 1996-97. The Indonesian economy continued to perform well in 1996, with real GDP growth of 7.8 percent. The rate of inflation fell to 5 percent in 1996/9...

Indonesia
			: Selected Issues

Indonesia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1997/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451818260.002

ISBN: 9781451818260

Keywords: manufactured exports, export performance, export growth, trade liberalization, export supply

This Selected Issues paper on Indonesia explains through econometric analysis the contribution of different factors to export growth and assesses the prospects for its maintenance in the future. The paper reviews d...

Singapore
			: Selected Issues

Singapore : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2005/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451923254.002

ISBN: 9781451923254

Keywords: export growth, export, trading partners, standard errors, international trade

This Selected Issues paper analyzes quality upgrading and low-wage competition for Singapore. The analysis concludes that quality upgrading is indeed taking place in some products where low-wage competitors are ent...