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How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia?

How to De-Dollarize Financial Systems in the Caucasus and Central Asia? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sami Ben Naceur , Amr Hosny , and Gregory Hadjian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513507279.001

ISBN: 9781513507279

Keywords: financial dollarization, financial development, de-dollarization, exchange, exchange rate, currency, inflation, deposits, General,

Dollarization rates in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) region are among the highest in the world, with adverse consequences for macroeconomic stability, monetary policy transmission, and financial sector develo...

Price Measurement and Mismeasurement in Central Asia

Price Measurement and Mismeasurement in Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 1995/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850406.001

ISBN: 9781451850406

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, inflation rates, relative price, price level

The vertiginous increases in the overall price level and dramatic swings in relative prices experienced by Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan since the onset of the transition...

Recent Export Credit Market Developments

Recent Export Credit Market Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1997/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451844481.001

ISBN: 9781451844481

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, export credits, investment insurance, credit markets

Export credit agencies (ECAs) have played a critical role in financing for developing countries in recent years, and officially supported export credits have been growing in volume. The current export credit exposu...

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia

The Russian Financial Crisis and its Consequences for Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2001/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gonzalo Pastor , and Tatiana Damjanovic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858341.001

ISBN: 9781451858341

Keywords: Russian financial crisis, external debt issues, exchange rate, foreign exchange, exchange rates, external debt, exchange rate flexibility, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Kyrgyzstan,

This paper reviews the economic conditions in central Asia at the time of the Russian financial crisis of August 1998; the channels by which the crisis was transmitted to the central Asian region; and the policy re...

Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia
			: What is the Role of Oil?

Trade Elasticities in the Middle East and Central Asia : What is the Role of Oil? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andreas Billmeier , and Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870749.001

ISBN: 9781451870749

Keywords: trade elasticities, current account adjustment, export prices, exporting countries, export volume, oil exports, oil exporters,

The analysis in this paper suggests that import and export volume elasticities are markedly lower in oil-exporting Middle East and Central Asian countries than in non-oil countries in the region. A key implication...

Treasury Bills and/Or Central Bank Bills for Absorbing Surplus Liquidity
			: The Main Considerations

Treasury Bills and/Or Central Bank Bills for Absorbing Surplus Liquidity : The Main Considerations »

Volume/Issue: 2012/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Obert Nyawata

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933838.001

ISBN: 9781463933838

Keywords: consolidated public sector, central bank, government securities, debt management, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs: Public Policy,

This paper discusses the challenging question of whether central banks should use treasury bills or central bank bills for draining excess liquidity in the banking system. While recognizing that there are practical...

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia : Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration

Volume/Issue: 2018/7

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Peter Kunzel , Phil De Imus , Edward Gemayel , Risto Herrala , Alexei Kireyev , and Farid Talishli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484358177

Keywords: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic integration, Economic integration, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Tajikistan, Trade liberalization

The Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries are at an important juncture in their economic transition. Following significant economic progress during the 2000s, recent external shocks have revealed the underlying...

Price Measurement and Mismeasurement in Central Asia

Price Measurement and Mismeasurement in Central Asia »

Source: Price Measurement and Mismeasurement in Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 1995/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vincent Koen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1995

ISBN: 9781451850406

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, inflation rates, relative price, price level

The vertiginous increases in the overall price level and dramatic swings in relative prices experienced by Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan since the onset of the transition...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...