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Brazil

Boom, Bust, and Road to Recovery

Brazil is at crossroads, emerging slowly from a historic recession that was preceded by a huge economic boom.

Chapter 4 Program Design and Implementation

Chapter 4 Program Design and Implementation »

Source: The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises : Indonesia, Korea, Brazil

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): Kevin Barnes , Ali Mansoor , Benjamin Cohen , and Shinji Takagi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589061880

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, banking sector, banking system

Given the nature of capital account crises, the primary objective of crisis-management programs in such cases should be to restore confidence as quickly as possible in order to restore normalcy to the capita...

Chapter 8. Recent Argentine and Brazilian Crises and Effective Multilateral Development Bank Interventions

Chapter 8. Recent Argentine and Brazilian Crises and Effective Multilateral Development Bank Interventions »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Like several other recent emerging-market financial crises, the crisis in Argentina starting in late 2001 as well as in Brazil from late 2002 until early 2003 were accompanied by major cutbacks in pre- and p...

Chapter 7. The JBIC Financing Facility for Indonesia

Chapter 7. The JBIC Financing Facility for Indonesia »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

The financial crisis that hit Thailand in the summer of 1997 expanded rapidly through the entire Asian region. Indonesia was not spared from the contagion. In fact, although Indonesia had enjoyed 30 years of...

Chapter 2 The Three Crisis Cases

Chapter 2 The Three Crisis Cases »

Source: The IMF and Recent Capital Account Crises : Indonesia, Korea, Brazil

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): Kevin Barnes , Ali Mansoor , Benjamin Cohen , and Shinji Takagi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

ISBN: 9781589061880

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, banking, banking sector, banking system

The three cases covered by this evaluation share several features common to capital account crises. In each case the crisis occurred because of massive reversals of capital flows triggered by a shift in mark...

Chapter 6. The U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Asian Crisis

Chapter 6. The U.S. Export-Import Bank and the Asian Crisis »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Before the Asian debt crisis in the late 1990s, short- and medium-term credit support from the U.S. Export-Import Bank for exports of goods and services to Korea, Indonesia, and Thailand was very limited bec...

Chapter 10. Trade Credit for Crisis Countries: The Role of Export Credit Agencies

Chapter 10. Trade Credit for Crisis Countries: The Role of Export Credit Agencies »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Developing countries in financial crisis appears to be a recurring feature of the international financial system. For the purposes of this chapter a “crisis country” is defined as one that is unable to servi...

Chapter 1. Trade Finance and Financial Crises

Chapter 1. Trade Finance and Financial Crises »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Is There a Problem? Are declines in externally provided trade credits a serious problem for a country’s crisis resolution efforts? My answer, in short, is yes. Trade credit lines are...

Chapter 2. Trade Finance and Trade Flows: Panel Data Evidence from 10 Crises

Chapter 2. Trade Finance and Trade Flows: Panel Data Evidence from 10 Crises »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

This chapter assesses the effect of constrained trade finance on trade flows in countries undergoing financial and balance of payments crises. Most of the countries that had a major external crisis had a sig...

Chapter 9. Trade Finance Support from Multilateral Development Banks During Crisis: New Tools and Priorities

Chapter 9. Trade Finance Support from Multilateral Development Banks During Crisis: New Tools and Priorities »

Source: Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Multilateral development banks (MDBs)—including the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), and the African Devel...

Energy and the role of gasoline taxation: Can increased taxes help reduce consumption of gasoline? An assessment of seven industrial countries’ experience

Energy and the role of gasoline taxation: Can increased taxes help reduce consumption of gasoline? An assessment of seven industrial countries’ experience »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1980

Volume/Issue: 17/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1980

ISBN: 9781616353414

Keywords: bank, finance, banking, development banking, projects

This paper highlights that in a shift of policy, the World Bank decided to finance directly health projects in developing countries. Under its old policy, formulated in 1974, health components providing basic healt...