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Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia
			: Current Situation and a Way Forward

Fiscal Coverage in the Countries of the Middle East and Central Asia : Current Situation and a Way Forward »

Volume/Issue: 2008/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869712.001

ISBN: 9781451869712

Keywords: Fiscal coverage, public enterprises, fiscal risks, fiscal statistics, fiscal policy, fiscal accounts, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews some broad principles of fiscal coverage, building on cross-country experience. It discusses the level of coverage that would be appropriate to conduct good quality fiscal analysis, while strikin...

Institutional Investors and Asset Pricing in Emerging Markets

Institutional Investors and Asset Pricing in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1996/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elaine Buckberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451841718.001

ISBN: 9781451841718

Keywords: investors, equity markets, institutional investors, stock markets, expected returns

This paper presents a new theory of asset pricing intended to address why other developing country equity markets responded so strongly to the Mexican devaluation, while the world’s major stock markets were...

International Integration of Equity Markets and Contagion Effects

International Integration of Equity Markets and Contagion Effects »

Volume/Issue: 1995/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Manmohan Kumar , and C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853285.001

ISBN: 9781451853285

Keywords: equity markets, cointegration, stock market, stock markets, national equity markets

This paper investigates empirically the degree of international integration of industrial and emerging country equity markets. It analyzes two issues: first, the extent to which equity prices have tended to move si...

Speculative Attacks, Forward Market Intervention and the Classic Bear Squeeze

Speculative Attacks, Forward Market Intervention and the Classic Bear Squeeze »

Volume/Issue: 1997/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Subir Lall

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451980202.001

ISBN: 9781451980202

Keywords: Speculative Attacks, Forward Markets, Exchange Rates, Market Corners, central bank, exchange rate, foreign exchange, central banks, domestic currency

A typical strategy used by speculators to launch an attack on a fixed exchange regime is the use of forward markets. Central banks also intervene in forward markets to counter speculation. This paper addresses the...

Institutional Investors and Asset Pricing in Emerging Markets

Institutional Investors and Asset Pricing in Emerging Markets »

Source: Institutional Investors and Asset Pricing in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 1996/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elaine Buckberg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451841718

Keywords: investors, equity markets, institutional investors, stock markets, expected returns

This paper presents a new theory of asset pricing intended to address why other developing country equity markets responded so strongly to the Mexican devaluation, while the world’s major stock markets were...

International Integration of Equity Markets and Contagion Effects

International Integration of Equity Markets and Contagion Effects »

Source: International Integration of Equity Markets and Contagion Effects

Volume/Issue: 1995/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Manmohan Kumar , and C. McDermott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

ISBN: 9781451853285

Keywords: equity markets, cointegration, stock market, stock markets, national equity markets

This paper investigates empirically the degree of international integration of industrial and emerging country equity markets. It analyzes two issues: first, the extent to which equity prices have tended to move si...

5. Key Lessons

5. Key Lessons »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

33. Speed Large budgetary savings from price-subsidy reform are difficult to achieve in the short run. Most countries have ad...

1. Overview

1. Overview »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

1. The reform of price subsidies has been a key element of IMF-supported programs in many countries. These reforms have brought prices of subsidized items closer to their market-clearing levels and have soug...

4. Political Considerations

4. Political Considerations »

Source: Equity and Efficiency in the Reform of Price Subsidies : A Guide for Policymakers

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Juan Cordoba , Robert Gillingham , Sanjeev Gupta , Ali Mansoor , Christian Schiller , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2000

ISBN: 9781557759733

Keywords: subsidy, price subsidies, social safety nets, social protection

28. When reform targets benefits to truly needy families, less needy families will suffer. The latter families may be part of politically powerful groups. If governments perceive the risk of political fallou...

Speculative Attacks, Forward Market Intervention and the Classic Bear Squeeze

Speculative Attacks, Forward Market Intervention and the Classic Bear Squeeze »

Source: Speculative Attacks, Forward Market Intervention and the Classic Bear Squeeze

Volume/Issue: 1997/164

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Subir Lall

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1997

ISBN: 9781451980202

Keywords: Speculative Attacks, Forward Markets, Exchange Rates, Market Corners, central bank, exchange rate, foreign exchange, central banks, domestic currency

A typical strategy used by speculators to launch an attack on a fixed exchange regime is the use of forward markets. Central banks also intervene in forward markets to counter speculation. This paper addresses the...