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Central Bank Governance
			: A Survey of Boards and Management

Central Bank Governance : A Survey of Boards and Management »

Volume/Issue: 2004/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): JoAnne Morris , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875416.001

ISBN: 9781451875416

Keywords: central bank, inflation, reserve bank, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative,

This paper identifies issues to consider when designing the structure, size, and composition of the governing boards and management of a central bank. While central bank autonomy and accountability are generally ac...

Does the Gap Model Work in Asia?

Does the Gap Model Work in Asia? »

Volume/Issue: 1996/69

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott , and David Coe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960747.001

ISBN: 9781451960747

Keywords: inflation, change in inflation, money supply, terms of trade, monetary fund

There is considerable evidence from industrial countries that the output gap is an important determinant of inflation. We examine whether the gap model also works in developing, newly industrializing, and industria...

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing
			: International Evidence

Financial Reforms, Financial Openness, and Corporate Borrowing : International Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2007/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Gianni De Nicolo , and Senay Agca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867503.001

ISBN: 9781451867503

Keywords: Corporate leverage, debt maturity, financial reforms, financial openness, international financial markets, financial liberalization, bond, bond rating,

We study how credit market deregulation and increased international financial openness have changed corporate borrowing. The evidence comes from a large panel of publicly traded firms in 38 countries over the perio...

FIRST
			: A Market-Based Approach to Evaluate Financial System Risk and Stability

FIRST : A Market-Based Approach to Evaluate Financial System Risk and Stability »

Volume/Issue: 2005/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Renzo Avesani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862515.001

ISBN: 9781451862515

Keywords: Large Complex Financial Institutions, financial institutions, probability, probabilities, correlation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper presents background work that has been the basis for the development of the market and credit risk indicators (MRI and CRI, respectively) as published in the IMF's Global Financial Stability Report (GFSR...

Government Securities Versus Central Bank Securities in Developing Open Market Operations
			: Evaluation and Need for Coordinating Arrangements

Government Securities Versus Central Bank Securities in Developing Open Market Operations : Evaluation and Need for Coordinating Arrangements »

Volume/Issue: 1994/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848229.001

ISBN: 9781451848229

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, government securities, debt management, monetary management

In an indirect monetary policy framework, open market operations become the central bank’s main instrument. In the initial stages, when financial markets are still undeveloped, selection of a financial instr...

Growth Forecast Errors and  Fiscal Multipliers

Growth Forecast Errors and Fiscal Multipliers »

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , and Daniel Leigh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475576443.001

ISBN: 9781475576443

Keywords: government expenditure, output fluctuations, fiscal consolidation, fiscal multipliers, growth forecast, fiscal balance, General, General, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits

This paper investigates the relation between growth forecast errors and planned fiscal consolidation during the crisis. We find that, in advanced economies, stronger planned fiscal consolidation has been associated...

Hybrid Inflation Targeting Regimes

Hybrid Inflation Targeting Regimes »

Volume/Issue: 2009/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Garcia , Jorge Restrepo , and Scott Roger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873818.001

ISBN: 9781451873818

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, real exchange rate,

This paper uses a DSGE model to examine whether including the exchange rate explicitly in the central bank's policy reaction function can improve macroeconomic performance. It is found that including an element of...

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region

Preferential Trade Agreements in the Asia-Pacific Region »

Volume/Issue: 2005/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tubagus Feridhanusetyawan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861686.001

ISBN: 9781451861686

Keywords: Pacific, FTA, Preferential Trade Agreement, rules of origin, regional trade, trade agreements, free trade, tariff reduction,

Preferential trade agreements (PTAs) in the Asia-Pacific region have proliferated rapidly over the past five years and are creating a complex web of intersecting bilateral and regional trade agreements. This paper...

Primary Dealers in Government Securities
			: Policy Issues and Selected Countries Experience

Primary Dealers in Government Securities : Policy Issues and Selected Countries Experience »

Volume/Issue: 2003/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Iden , and Marco Arnone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451846492.001

ISBN: 9781451846492

Keywords: Primary dealers, government securities, central bank, securities market, government securities market, open market operations, Financial Institutions and Services,

In many countries, authorities have designated a group of financial firms as the principal intermediaries in the government securities market-referred to as "primary dealers" or a "primary dealer system." This pape...

Setting Up a Sovereign Wealth Fund
			: Some Policy and Operational Considerations

Setting Up a Sovereign Wealth Fund : Some Policy and Operational Considerations »

Volume/Issue: 2009/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Mulder , Amadou Sy , Yinqiu Lu , and Udaibir Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873269.001

ISBN: 9781451873269

Keywords: Sovereign wealth fund, SWF&;amp;#x2019;s policy objective, central bank, monetary fund, balance of payments, currency composition, external debt, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General

This paper offers a policy and operational "roadmap" to policymakers considering setting up an SWF. It should also be of interest to policymakers in countries where SWFs are already in place, to review their existi...