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Understanding Countries' Tax Effort

Understanding Countries' Tax Effort »

Volume/Issue: 2013/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ricardo Fenochietto , and Carola Pessino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301272.001

ISBN: 9781484301272

Keywords: tax effort, tax frontier, tax capacity, stochastic tax frontier, inefficiency, tax revenues, tax analysis, determinants of tax revenue, tax system, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents a model to determine the tax effort and tax capacity of 113 countries and the main variables on which they depend. The results and the model allow a clear determination of which countries are ne...

Microfinance Institutions and Public Policy

Microfinance Institutions and Public Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2002/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857689.001

ISBN: 9781451857689

Keywords: microcredit, bank regulation, microfinance institutions, financial institutions, financial institution, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Many governments and nongovernmental organizations have adopted policies to promote the growth of microfinance institutions (MFIs). The appropriate level and form of support for MFIs are discussed in this paper on...

The Complier Pays Principle
			: The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management

The Complier Pays Principle : The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management »

Volume/Issue: 2000/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , R. Paris , and I. Ruzicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847109.001

ISBN: 9781451847109

Keywords: Sustainable management, forestry taxation, forest, forest management, environmental damage, forests, sustainable forest management

This paper examines the role and impact of taxation on sustainable forest management. It is shown that fiscal instruments neither reinforce nor substitute for traditional regulatory approaches. Far from encouraging...

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth

The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth »

Source: The Long-Run Effects of Tradeon Income and Income Growth

Volume/Issue: 2003/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Brunner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

ISBN: 9781451845594

Keywords: panel data model, trade share, gdp per capita, bilateral trade, growth rate, international trade, Economic Growth of Open Economies, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Comparative Analysis of Economic Systems,

This paper examines the dynamic relationship between trade and income. While most economists agree that increased trade leads to an increase in average income, economic theory is ambiguous about the possible effect...

Microfinance Institutions and Public Policy

Microfinance Institutions and Public Policy »

Source: Microfinance Institutions and Public Policy

Volume/Issue: 2002/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

ISBN: 9781451857689

Keywords: microcredit, bank regulation, microfinance institutions, financial institutions, financial institution, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Many governments and nongovernmental organizations have adopted policies to promote the growth of microfinance institutions (MFIs). The appropriate level and form of support for MFIs are discussed in this paper on...

The Millennium Development Goals, Capacity Building, and the Role of the IMF

The Millennium Development Goals, Capacity Building, and the Role of the IMF »

Source: The Millennium Development Goals, Capacity Building, and the Role of the IMF

Volume/Issue: 2003/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , and Saleh Nsouli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

ISBN: 9781451854190

Keywords: Capacity Building, standards, standards and codes, training centers, regional training centers, training programs, Development Planning and Policy: General,

The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) represent a global commitment to improve economic and social conditions in low-income countries. Capacity building is key to promoting higher economic growth, which, in turn,...

Real Exchange Rates In Developing Countries

Real Exchange Rates In Developing Countries »

Source: Real Exchange Rates In Developing Countries : Are Balassa-Samuelson Effects Present?

Volume/Issue: 2004/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mohsin Khan , and Ehsan Choudhri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2004

ISBN: 9781451859591

Keywords: Balassa-Samuelson effects, exchange rate, real exchange rate, relative price, terms of trade, exchange rates, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

There is little empirical research on whether Balassa-Samuelson effects can explain the long-run behavior of real exchange rates in developing countries. This paper presents new evidence on this issue based on a pa...

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice

Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice »

Source: Selected WTO Rules and Some Implications for Fund Policy Advice

Volume/Issue: 1996/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thierry Buchs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1996

ISBN: 9781451921113

Keywords: export subsidies, export performance, trade-related investment, trade-related investment measures, transition economies

The paper surveys six WTO agreements selected on the basis of their potential relevance for Fund-supported programs, namely Customs Valuation, Subsidies, Safeguards, Antidumping, Trade-Related Investment Measures,...

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility »

Source: Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Volume/Issue: 2015/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , Richard Harris , and Fatih Yilmaz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

ISBN: 9781475530520

Keywords: Exchange rate volatility, exchange, exchange rate, volatility, exchange rates, trade, Time-Series Models, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Standard models-based exclusively on macro-financial variables-have made little progress in explaining the behavior of exchange rates. In this paper, we introduce a neglected set of 'soft power' factors capturing...

Understanding Countries’ Tax Effort

Understanding Countries’ Tax Effort »

Source: Understanding Countries' Tax Effort

Volume/Issue: 2013/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ricardo Fenochietto , and Carola Pessino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

ISBN: 9781484301272

Keywords: tax effort, tax frontier, tax capacity, stochastic tax frontier, inefficiency, tax revenues, tax analysis, determinants of tax revenue, tax system, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents a model to determine the tax effort and tax capacity of 113 countries and the main variables on which they depend. The results and the model allow a clear determination of which countries are ne...