Browse

You are looking at 21 - 30 of 64 items

  • Keywords: wages x
Clear All
III Cross-Country Evidence on Factors Influencing Growth

III Cross-Country Evidence on Factors Influencing Growth »

Source: Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

This section draws upon cross-country evidence for as large a group of countries as possible, to examine some of the long-term influences on growth and the role of several policy-related variables. With the...

III. Economic Developments and Adjustment, 1970–93

III. Economic Developments and Adjustment, 1970–93 »

Source: Thailand : The Road to Sustained Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Erik Offerdal , Kalpana Kochhar , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Jianping Zhou , Mauro Mecagni , and Balázs Horváth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756039

Keywords: private investment, wages, wage, fiscal policy, adjustment period

The analysis in this section focuses on the shocks of the late 1970s and 1980s. The section also provides an overview of Thailand’s economic policy responses to the shocks. Initial Cond...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Singapore

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation with Singapore »

Source: Singapore : 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information

Volume/Issue: 2012/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475504873

Keywords: real wages, aggregate demand, monetary fund

Singapore's large financial sector has remained resilient. The output has shown to rebound strongly despite a drop of 9 percent in GDP during 2008-early 2009. The new challenges include consumer price inflation, in...

Singapore
			: 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information

Singapore : 2012 Article IV Consultation; Staff Report, Informational Annex, Public Information »

Volume/Issue: 2012/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504873.002

ISBN: 9781475504873

Keywords: real wages, aggregate demand, monetary fund

Singapore's large financial sector has remained resilient. The output has shown to rebound strongly despite a drop of 9 percent in GDP during 2008-early 2009. The new challenges include consumer price inflation, in...

Singapore
			: Selected Issues

Singapore : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/327

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475520743.002

ISBN: 9781475520743

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy reaction function, monetary fund, real wages

This Selected Issues Paper discusses some observations on Singapore's monetary policy framework. Singapore's monetary policy uses the nominal effective exchange rate (NEER) as the instrument in a basket-band-crawl...

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation
			: Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption?

Corruption and the Rate of Temptation : Do Low Wages in the Civil Service Cause Corruption? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849424.001

ISBN: 9781451849424

Keywords: wage, wages, civil service, civil servants, civil service wages

This paper develops and tests two efficiency wage models of corruption in the civil service. Under fair wage models, civil service wages are an important determinant of corruption. Under shirking models, the level...

Corruption Around the World
			: Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures

Corruption Around the World : Causes, Consequences, Scope, and Cures »

Volume/Issue: 1998/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848397.001

ISBN: 9781451848397

Keywords: role of state, regulations, bribes, wages, salaries, wage, bribe

Corruption is attracting a lot of attention around the world. The paper surveys and discusses issues related to the causes, consequences, and scope of corruption and possible corrective actions. It emphasizes the c...

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies

Do Government Wage Cuts Close Budget Deficits? a Conceptual Framework for Developing Countries and Transition Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1996/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922554.001

ISBN: 9781451922554

Keywords: wages, wage, tax evasion, tax collectors, tax collector

Real wage declines have been common in the public sector in many countries over substantial periods of time. In several cases, such wage reductions have coincided with a decline in the efficiency of the public sect...

Impact of Macroeconomic Policieson Income Distribution
			: An Empirical Study

Impact of Macroeconomic Policieson Income Distribution : An Empirical Study »

Volume/Issue: 1988/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451967036.001

ISBN: 9781451967036

Keywords: inflation, income groups, income distribution, real wages, real interest rate

There has been a growing awareness of the income distribution dimension of macroeconomic policies. This paper presents a framework for studying this issue empirically, and considers the case of the Philippines usin...

Social and Political Factors in a Model of Endogenous Economic Growth and Distribution
			: An Application to the Philippines

Social and Political Factors in a Model of Endogenous Economic Growth and Distribution : An Application to the Philippines »

Volume/Issue: 1996/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delano Villanueva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929461.001

ISBN: 9781451929461

Keywords: growth rate, wage, wages, economic growth, growth model

This paper proposes a model of endogenous economic growth and distribution explicitly incorporating social extraction and political competition, with an application to the Philippine historical experience. The majo...